Friday, September 29, 2006


The Real Reason Why NCLB Can't Work

For those two or three of you who actually read this blog, you know that I'm rather passionate about education and the damage that NCLB is causing. I've attmpted many times to put into words what it is about NCLB that is so wrong. But the other day I came across something that I think sums it up in the simplest, clearest terms.

When I arrived at work on Thursday, I checked the school's webpage for the daily announcements like I always do. On this particular day, our principal had posted a link to a video that she thought we should all see. It came from a parenting site and is admittedly a bit corny, but I think it provides the perfect example of why No Child Left Behind is doomed to be a failure. The video is called "Animal Farm" and it can be viewed here.

The basic message is that every child is different and excels in different areas. Requiring all children to be the same will only cause setbacks, resentment, and, often times, failure.

I think it's important that we recognize the damage that is being done to the future of our country under the guise of good intentions. NCLB is up for renewel next year. For the good of our country's future, it needs to be "left behind."

Wednesday, September 27, 2006


How Journalists Should Be

Just watch it.

Tuesday, September 26, 2006


So About That NIE...

By now, we all know the backstory. NYTimes blah, blah, blah... Playing politics blah, blah, blah... Whatever! Let's just get right to it, because at the end of all this, the song is going to remain the same: Bush Lied.

From the NIE Key Judgments released today, I'd like to focus on three statements. The NIE addresses them in the following order.

  • Although we cannot measure the extent of the spread with precision, a large body of all-source reporting indicates that activists identifying themselves as jihadists, although a small percentage of Muslims, are increasing in both number and geographic dispersion.

We assess that the Iraq jihad is shaping a new generation of terrorist leaders and operatives; perceived jihadist success there would inspire more fighters to continue the struggle elsewhere.
  • The Iraq conflict has become the "cause celebre" for jihadists, breeding a deep resentment of US involvement in the Muslim world and cultivating supporters for the global jihadist movement. Should jihadists leaving Iraq perceive themselves, and be perceived, to have failed, we judge fewer fighters will be inspired to carry on the fight.

We assess that the underlying factors fueling the spread of the movement outweigh its vulnerabilities and are likely to do so for the duration of the timeframe of this Estimate.
  • Four underlying factors are fueling the spread of the jihadist movement: (1) Entrenched grievances, such as corruption, injustice, and fear of Western domination, leading to anger, humiliation, and a sense of powerlessness; (2) the Iraq "jihad;" (3) the slow pace of real and sustained economic, social, and political reforms in many Muslim majority nations; and (4) pervasive anti-US sentiment among most Muslims - all of which jihadists exploit.

Now, if we look at them in reverse order we'll see what they're actually saying.

From the third statement:
We assess that the underlying factors fueling the spread of the movement outweigh its vulnerabilities and are likely to do so for the duration of the timeframe of this Estimate.
  • ...underlying factors are fueling the spread of the jihadist movement:... (2) the Iraq "jihad;"

Translation - The Iraq war is providing more fuel for the movement than we are currently able to diffuse.

From the second statement:
We assess that the Iraq jihad is shaping a new generation of terrorist leaders and operatives; perceived jihadist success there would inspire more fighters to continue the struggle elsewhere.
  • The Iraq conflict has become the "cause celebre" for jihadists, breeding a deep resentment of US involvement in the Muslim world and cultivating supporters for the global jihadist movement.

Translation - The Iraq conflict has become the rallying cause for terrorists around the world.

From the first statement:
Although we cannot measure the extent of the spread with precision, a large body of all-source reporting indicates that activists identifying themselves as jihadists, although a small percentage of Muslims, are increasing in both number and geographic dispersion.

Translation - The number of terrorists is growing.

So let's recap -

Put that all together and what do you have? We are less safe today because of our actions in Iraq. And since this report was prepared in April 2006, that means that George W. Bush knew about it when he made his statement from the oval office on the fifth anniversary of September 11 when he stated:

The world is safer because Saddam Hussein is no longer in power.

Final conclusion: George W. Bush knowingly lied to the American people from the oval office on the fifth anniversary of the most tragic day in our nation's history.

Case closed.

Sunday, September 24, 2006


Don't Mess With the Big Dog

Bill Clinton on Faux News Sunday. Via Crooks & Liars (video)
CW (Chris Wallace): When we announced that you were going to be on FOX News Sunday, I got a lot of email from viewers, and I’ve got to say, I was surprised most of them wanted me to ask you this question: Why didn’t you do more to put Bin Laden and al Qaeda out of business when you were President? There’s a new book out which I suspect you’ve read called The Looming Tower. And it talks about how the fact that when you pulled troops out of Somalia in 1993, Bin Laden said, "I have seen the frailty and the weakness and the cowardice of US troops." Then there was the bombing of the embassies in Africa and the attack on the USS Cole

WJC (William Jefferson Clinton): Okay…

CW: …May I just finish the question, sir? And after the attack, the book says Bin Laden separated his leaders because he expected an attack and there was no response. I understand that hindsight is 20/20…

WJC: No, let’s talk about…

CW: …but the question is why didn’t you do more? Connect the dots and put them out of business?

WJC: Okay, let’s talk about it. I will answer all of those things on the merits, but I want to talk about the context (in) which this…arises. I’m being asked this on the FOX network…ABC just had a right-wing conservative on "The Path to 9/11" falsely claim that it was falsely based on the 911 Commission Report with three things asserted against me that are directly contradicted by the 9/11 Commission Report. I think it’s very interesting that all the conservative Republicans who now say that I didn’t do enough claimed (then) that I was obsessed with Bin Laden. All of President Bush’s neocons claimed that I was too obsessed with finding Bin Laden when they didn’t have a single meeting about Bin Laden for the nine months after I left office. All the right-wingers who now say that I didn’t do enough said (then) that I did too much. Same people.

They were all trying to get me to withdraw from Somalia in 1993, the next day after we were involved in Black Hawk Down. And I refused to do it and stayed
six months and had an orderly transfer to the UN. Okay, now let’s look at all the criticisms: Black Hawk Down, Somalia. There is not a living soul in the world who thought that Bin Laden had anything to do with Black Hawk Down or was paying any attention to it or even knew al Qaeda was a growing concern in October of 1993.

CW: I understand…

WJC: No wait…no wait…don’t tell me. You asked me why I didn’t do more to Bin Laden. There was not a living soul…all the people who criticized me wanted to leave the next day. You brought this up, so you get an answer.

CW: I’m perfectly happy to. Bin Laden says…

WJC: And secondly…

CW: Bin Laden says…

WJC: Bin Laden may have said that…

CW: Bin Laden says it showed the weakness of the U.S. …

WJC: It would have shown the weakness if we left right away, but he wasn’t involved in that. That’s just a bunch of bull. That was about Mohammed Adid, a Muslim warlord murdering…thousand Pakistani Muslim troops. We were all there on a humanitarian mission. We had not one mission - none - to establish a certain kind of Somali government or to keep anybody out. He was not a religious fanatic.

CW: But Mr. President…

WJC: There was no al Qaeda…

CW: …with respect, if I may, instead of going through ‘93…

WJC: You asked, you. It (was) you (who) brought it up.

CW: May I ask a general question that you can answer? The 9/11 Commission, which you talk about–and this is what they did say–not what ABC pretended they said…

WJC: Wait, wait…

CW: …They said about you and 43 and I quote, "The U.S. government took the threat seriously, not in the sense of mustering anything like that would be….to confront an enemy of the first, second or third rank"…

WJC: That’s not true with us and Bin Laden…

CW: …the 9/11 Commission says…

WJC: Let’s look at what Richard Clarke says. You think Richard Clarke had a vigorous attitude about Bin Laden?

CW: Yes, I do.

WJC: You do?

CW: I think he has a variety of opinions and loyalties, but yes.

WJC: He has a variety of opinion and loyalties now but let’s look at the facts. He worked for Ronald Reagan; he was loyal to him. He worked for George H.W. Bush and he was loyal to him. He worked for me and he was loyal to me. He worked for President Bush; he was loyal to him. They downgraded him and the terrorist operation. Now, look what he said. Read his book and read his factual assertions - not opinions–assertions. He said we took "vigorous action" after the African embassies. We probably nearly got Bin Laden.

CW: [..]

WJC: Now, wait a minute…

CW: …cruise missiles…

WJC: I authorized the CIA to get groups together to try to kill him. The CIA was run by George Tenet, who President Bush gave the Medal of Freedom to and said he did a good job. The country never had a comprehensive anti-terror operation until I came to office. If you can criticize me for one thing, you can criticize me for this: after the Cole, I had battle plans drawn to go into Afghanistan, overthrow the Taliban, and launch a full scale attack/search for Bin Laden. But we needed basing rights in Uzbekistan, which we got (only) after 9/11. The CIA and the FBI refused to certify that Bin Laden was responsible while I was there. They refused to certify. So that meant I would have had to send a few hundred Special Forces in helicopters and refuel at night. Even the 9/11 Commission didn’t do (think we should have done) that. Now the 9/11 Commission was a political document, too? All I’m asking is if anybody wants to say I didn’t do enough, you read Richard Clarke’s book.

CW: Do you think you did enough, sir?

WJC: No, because I didn’t get him.

CW: Right…

WJC: But at least I tried. That’s the difference in me and some, including
all the right-wingers who are attacking me now. They ridiculed me for
trying. They had eight months to try and they didn’t. I tried. So I tried
and failed. When I failed, I left a comprehensive anti-terror strategy and
the best guy in the country: Dick Clarke.

So you did FOX’s bidding on this show. You did you nice little conservative hit job on me. But what I want to know..

CW: Now wait a minute, sir…

WJC: [..]

CW: I asked a question. You don’t think that’s a legitimate question?

WJC: It was a perfectly legitimate question. But I want to know how many
people in the Bush administration you’ve asked this question of. I want to know how many people in the Bush administration you asked ‘Why didn’t you do anything about the Cole?’ I want to know how many you asked ‘Why did you fire Dick Clarke?’ I want to know…

CW: We asked…

WJC: [..]

CW: Do you ever watch FOX News Sunday, sir?

WJC: I don’t believe you ask them that.

CW: We ask plenty of questions of…

WJC: You didn’t ask that, did you? Tell the truth.

CW: About the USS Cole?

WJC: Tell the truth…

CW: I…with Iraq and Afghanistan, there’s plenty of stuff to ask.

WJC: Did you ever ask that? You set this meeting up because you were going to get a lot of criticism from your viewers because Rupert Murdoch is going to get a lot of criticism from your viewers for supporting my work on Climate Change. And you came here under false pretenses and said that you’d spend half the time talking about…

CW: [laughs]

WJC: You said you’d spend half the time talking about what we did out there to raise $7 billion plus over three days from 215 different commitments. And you don’t care.

CW: But, President Clinton…

WJC: [..]

CW: We were going to ask half the [interview time] about it. I didn’t think this was going to set you off on such a tear.

WJC: It set me off on such a tear because you didn’t formulate it in an honest way and you people ask me questions you don’t ask the other side.

CW: Sir, that is not true…

WJC: …and Richard Clarke…

CW: That is not true…

WJC: Richard Clarke made it clear in his testimony…

CW: Would you like to talk about the Clinton Global Initiative?

WJC: No, I want to finish this.

CW: All right…

WJC: All I’m saying is you falsely accuse me of giving aid and comfort to Bin Laden because of what happened in Somalia. No one knew al Qaeda existed then…

CW: Did they know in 1996, when he declared war on the U.S.? Did no one know in 1998…

WJC: Absolutely, they did.

CW: …when they bombed the two embassies?

WJC: [..]

CW: Or in 2000, when they hit the Cole?

WJC: What did I do? I worked hard to try and kill him. I authorized a finding for the CIA to kill him. We contracted with people to kill him. I got closer to killing him than anybody has gotten since. And if I were still President, we’d have more than 20,000 troops there trying to kill him. Now I never criticized President Bush, and I don’t think this is useful. But you know we do have a government that thinks Afghanistan is 1/7 as important as Iraq. And you ask me about terror and Al Qaeda with that sort of dismissive theme when all you have to do is read Richard Clarke’s book to look at what we did in a comprehensive, systematic way to try to protect the country against terror. And you’ve got that little smirk on your face. It looks like you’re so clever…

CW: [Laughs]

WJC: I had responsibility for trying to protect this country. I tried and I failed to get Bin Laden. I regret it, but I did try. And I did everything I thought I responsibly could. The entire military was against sending Special Forces into Afghanistan and refueling by helicopter and no one thought we could do it otherwise. We could not get the CIA and the FBI to certify that al Qaeda was responsible while I was President. [Not] until I left office. And yet I get asked about this all the time and they had three times as much time to get him as I did and no one ever asks them about this. I think that’s strange.

CW: Can I ask you about the Clinton Global Initiative?

WJC: You can.

CW: I always intended to, sir.

WJC: No, you intended to move your bones by doing this first. But I don’t mind people asking me. I actually talked to the 9/11 Commission for four hours and I told them the mistakes I thought I made. And I urged them to make those mistakes public because I thought none of us had been perfect. But instead of anybody talking about those things. I always get these clever little political…where they ask me one-sided question. It always comes from one source. And so…

CW: [..]

WJC: And so…

CW: I just want to ask you about the Clinton Global Initiative, but what’s
the source? You seem upset…

WJC: I am upset because…

CW: …and all I can say is, I’m asking you in good faith because it’s on people’s minds, sir. And I wasn’t…

WJC: There’s a reason it’s on people’s minds. That’s the point I’m trying to make. There’s a reason it’s on people’s minds because they’ve done a serious disinformation campaign to create that impression. This country only has one person who has worked against terror…[since] under Reagan. Only one: Richard Clarke. And all I’d say [to] anybody who wonders whether we did wrong or right; anybody who wants to see what everybody else did, read his book. The people on my political right who say I didn’t do enough, spent the whole time I was president saying ‘Why is he so obsessed with Bin Laden?’ And that was ‘Wag the Dog’ when he tried to kill him. My Republican Secretary of Defense, - and I think I’m the only person since WWII to have a Secretary of Defense from the opposition party - Richard Clarke, and all the intelligence people said that I ordered a vigorous attempt to get Osama Bin Laden and came closer apparently than anybody has since.

CW: All right…

WJC: And you guys try to create the opposite impression when all you have to do is read Richard Clarke’s findings and you know it’s not true. It’s just not true. And all this business about Somalia – the same people who criticized me about Somalia were demanding I leave the next day. Same exact crowd.

CW: One of the…

WJC: So if you’re going to do this, for God’s sake, follow the same standards for everybody.

CW: I think we do, sir.

WJC: Be fair.

That's the way it's done. Of course, all the rightwingers will say that Clinton was in "melt-down" or he was "frothing at the mouth" or some other idiotic, half-wit comment. However, I guaran-goddamn-tee you that if this were Bush being interviewed by the New York Times and Bush had acted this way he would be called a man of principal and substance. So as far as I'm concerned, the right wingers can stick it up their ass. Ol' Chrissy Wallace just got his clock cleaned by the Big Dog.

Friday, September 22, 2006


I Didn't Hear Him Say "No"

From CNN:
President Bush on Friday said he was "taken aback" by a report that a U.S. official threatened the United States would attack Pakistan if it did not help immediately after 9/11.

Bush made the remarks at a White House news conference with Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, thanking the U.S. ally for his role in the war on terror.

The Pakistan president has told CBS News that -- immediately following the September 11, 2001, attacks -- the Bush administration threatened to bomb his country "back to the Stone Age" if Pakistan did not help in the U.S. war on terrorism.

For the full account of what Bush said, let's go to the transcript:
Q Mr. President, after 9/11, would the United States have actually attacked Pakistan if President Musharraf had not agreed to cooperate with the war on terrorism? He says that the United States was threatening to bomb his country back into the stone age.

And, President Musharraf, would Pakistan have given up its backing of the Taliban if this threat had not come from Armitage?

PRESIDENT BUSH: First, let me -- she's asking about the Armitage thing. The first I heard of this was when I read it in the newspaper today. You know, I was -- I guess I was taken aback by the harshness of the words.

All I can tell you is, is that shortly after 9/11, Secretary Colin Powell came in and said, President Musharraf understands the stakes and he wants to join and help route out an enemy that has come and killed 3,000 of our citizens. As a matter of fact, my recollection was that one of the first leaders to step up and say that the stakes have changed, that attack on America that killed 3,000 of the citizens needs to be dealt with firmly, was the President. And if I'm not mistaken, Colin told us that, if not the night of September the 11th, shortly thereafter. I need to make sure I get my facts straight, but it was soon.

I don't know of any conversation that was reported in the newspaper like that. I just don't know about it.

PRESIDENT MUSHARRAF: I would like to -- I am launching my book on the 25th, and I am honor-bound to Simon and Schuster not to comment on the book before that day. (Laughter.)

PRESIDENT BUSH: In other words, buy the book, is what he's saying. (Laughter.)

So did I miss something, or did he fail to say "No." To me, this reads like one of Georgieboy's infamous nondenial denials. It sounds like he's saying something meaningful, but really it's just a bunch of nothing. Honestly, I don't know how much more of Bush's foreign policy the world can stand before they finally say "Fuck you," and leave us all on our own.

Tuesday, September 19, 2006


Going, Going, Gone!

Glenn Greenwald hits one out of the park. No excerpts could do this justice. You just have to read it for yourself.

Sorry for the lack of posting lately. I'm taking two grad courses and teaching a full load plus it's the height of marching band season so I'm a little busy right now. I'll be back as soon as possible.

Thursday, September 14, 2006



If you haven't seen this video, you need to. Everyone in America needs to see this video.

If we can't guarantee that our elections are honest and accurate, then we have lost everything that this country was founded upon.

Monday, September 11, 2006


They Deserve Better

We owe it to the victims of 9/11 to hold our government accountable for their actions. After all, their memories have been used for political gain since the day they perished five years ago. They don't deserve this. They don't deserve to be drug out every time the GOP has a campaign stop or needs a boost in their approval ratings. They don't deserve to be paraded about like a political tool used to scare voters into the voting booth. What they do deserve is a government that will seek out and bring to justice those who were responsible for their deaths.

Instead, their memories have been used to curtail the rights and freedoms of every American. Their memories have been used to invade a sovereign nation that posed no threat to us. And their memories have been used to justify this administrations abuses and violations of our constitution. Simply put, these people deserve better.
World Trade Center

Gordon McCannel Aamoth, Maria Rose Abad, Edelmiro (Ed) Abad, Andrew Anthony Abate, Vincent Abate, Laurence Christopher Abel, William F. Abrahamson, Richard Anthony Aceto, Erica Van Acker, Heinrich B. Ackermann, Paul Andrew Acquaviva, Donald L. Adams, Shannon Lewis Adams, Stephen Adams, Patrick Adams, Ignatius Adanga, Christy A. Addamo, Terence E. Adderley, Sophia B. Addo, Lee Adler, Daniel Thomas Afflitto, Emmanuel Afuakwah, Alok Agarwal, Mukul Agarwala, Joseph Agnello, David Scott Agnes, Joao A. Aguiar Jr., Lt. Brian G. Ahearn, Jeremiah J. Ahern, Joanne Ahladiotis, Shabbir Ahmed, Terrance Andre Aiken, Godwin Ajala, Gertrude M. Alagero, Andrew Alameno, Margaret Ann (Peggy) Jezycki Alario, Gary Albero, Jon L. Albert, Peter Craig Alderman, Jacquelyn Delaine Aldridge, Grace Alegre-Cua, David D. Alger, Ernest Alikakos, Edward L. Allegretto, Eric Allen, Joseph Ryan Allen, Richard Lanard Allen, Richard Dennis Allen, Christopher Edward Allingham, Janet M. Alonso, Anthony Alvarado, Antonio Javier Alvarez, Telmo Alvear, Cesar A. Alviar, Tariq Amanullah, Angelo Amaranto, James Amato, Joseph Amatuccio, Christopher Charles Amoroso, Kazuhiro Anai, Calixto Anaya, Jorge Octavio Santos Anaya, Joseph Peter Anchundia, Kermit Charles Anderson, Yvette Anderson, John Andreacchio, Michael Rourke Andrews, Jean A. Andrucki, Siew-Nya Ang, Joseph Angelini, Jr., Joseph Angelini, Sr., Laura Angilletta, Doreen J. Angrisani, Lorraine D. Antigua, Peter Paul Apollo, Faustino Apostol, Frank Thomas Aquilino, Patrick Michael Aranyos, David Gregory Arce, Michael G. Arczynski, Louis Arena, Adam Arias, Michael J. Armstrong, Jack Charles Aron, Joshua Aron, Richard Avery Aronow, Japhet J. Aryee, Carl Asaro, Michael A. Asciak, Michael Edward Asher, Janice Ashley, Thomas J. Ashton, Manuel O. Asitimbay, Lt. Gregg Arthur Atlas, Gerald Atwood, James Audiffred, Kenneth W. Van Auken, Louis F. Aversano, Jr, Ezra Aviles, Ayodeji Awe, Samuel (Sandy) Ayala, Arlene T. Babakitis, Eustace (Rudy) Bacchus, John James Badagliacca, Jane Ellen Baeszler, Robert J. Baierwalter, Andrew J. Bailey, Brett T. Bailey, Tatyana Bakalinskaya, Michael S. Baksh, Sharon Balkcom, Michael Andrew Bane, Kathy Bantis, Gerard Jean Baptiste, Walter Baran, Gerard A. Barbara, Paul V. Barbaro, James W. Barbella, Ivan Kyrillos Fairbanks Barbosa, Victor Daniel Barbosa, Colleen Ann Barkow, David Michael Barkway, Matthew Barnes, Sheila Patricia Barnes, Evan J. Baron, Renee Barrett-Arjune, Arthur T. Barry, Diane G. Barry, Maurice Vincent Barry, Scott D. Bart, Carlton W. Bartels, Guy Barzvi, Inna Basina, Alysia Basmajian, Kenneth William Basnicki, Lt. Steven J. Bates, Paul James Battaglia, W. David Bauer, Ivhan Luis Carpio Bautista, Marlyn C. Bautista, Jasper Baxter, Michele (Du Berry) Beale, Paul F. Beatini, Jane S. Beatty, Larry I. Beck, Manette Marie Beckles, Carl John Bedigian, Michael Beekman, Maria Behr, Yelena Belilovsky, Nina Patrice Bell, Andrea Della Bella, Debbie S. Bellows, Stephen Elliot Belson, Paul Michael Benedetti, Denise Lenore Benedetto, Bryan Craig Bennett, Oliver Duncan Bennett, Eric L. Bennett, Margaret L. Benson, Dominick J. Berardi, James Patrick Berger, Steven Howard Berger, John P. Bergin, Alvin Bergsohn, Daniel D. Bergstein, Michael J. Berkeley, Donna Bernaerts-Kearns, David W. Bernard, William Bernstein, David M. Berray, David S. Berry, Joseph J. Berry, William Reed Bethke, Timothy D. Betterly, Edward F. Beyea, Paul Michael Beyer, Anil T. Bharvaney, Bella Bhukhan, Shimmy D. Biegeleisen, Peter Alexander Bielfeld, William Biggart, Brian Bilcher, Carl Vincent Bini, Gary Bird, Joshua David Birnbaum, George Bishop, Jeffrey D. Bittner, Balewa Albert Blackman, Christopher Joseph Blackwell, Susan L. Blair, Harry Blanding, Janice L. Blaney, Craig Michael Blass, Rita Blau, Richard M. Blood, Michael A. Boccardi, John Paul Bocchi, Michael L. Bocchino, Susan Mary Bochino, Bruce Douglas (Chappy) Boehm, Mary Katherine Boffa, Nicholas A. Bogdan, Darren C. Bohan, Lawrence Francis Boisseau, Vincent M. Boland, Alan Bondarenko, Andre Bonheur, Colin Arthur Bonnett, Frank Bonomo, Yvonne L. Bonomo, Sean Booker, Sherry Ann Bordeaux, Krystine C. Bordenabe, Martin Boryczewski, Richard E. Bosco, John Howard Boulton, Francisco Bourdier, Thomas H. Bowden, Kimberly S. Bowers, Veronique (Bonnie) Nicole Bowers, Larry Bowman, Shawn Edward Bowman, Kevin L. Bowser, Gary R. Box, Gennady Boyarsky, Pamela Boyce, Michael Boyle, Alfred Braca, Sandra Conaty Brace, Kevin H. Bracken, David Brian Brady, Alexander Braginsky, Nicholas W. Brandemarti, Michelle Renee Bratton, Patrice Braut, Lydia Estelle Bravo, Ronald Michael Breitweiser, Edward A. Brennan, Frank H. Brennan, Michael Emmett Brennan, Peter Brennan, Thomas M. Brennan, Capt. Daniel Brethel, Gary L. Bright, Jonathan Eric Briley, Mark A. Brisman, Paul Gary Bristow, Victoria Alvarez Brito, Mark Francis Broderick, Herman C. Broghammer, Keith Broomfield, Janice J. Brown, Lloyd Brown, Capt. Patrick J. Brown, Bettina Browne, Mark Bruce, Richard Bruehert, Andrew Brunn, Capt. Vincent Brunton, Ronald Paul Bucca, Brandon J. Buchanan, Greg Joseph Buck, Dennis Buckley, Nancy Bueche, Patrick Joseph Buhse, John E. Bulaga, Stephen Bunin, Thomas Daniel Burke, Capt. William F. Burke, Matthew J. Burke, Donald James Burns, Kathleen A. Burns, Keith James Burns, John Patrick Burnside, Irina Buslo, Milton Bustillo, Thomas M. Butler, Patrick Byrne, Timothy G. Byrne, Jesus Cabezas, Lillian Caceres, Brian Joseph Cachia, Steven Cafiero, Richard M. Caggiano, Cecile M. Caguicla, Michael John Cahill, Scott W. Cahill, Thomas J. Cahill, George Cain, Salvatore B. Calabro, Joseph Calandrillo, Philip V. Calcagno, Edward Calderon, Kenneth Marcus Caldwell, Dominick E. Calia, Felix (Bobby) Calixte, Capt. Frank Callahan, Liam Callahan, Luigi Calvi, Roko Camaj, Michael Cammarata, David Otey Campbell, Geoffrey Thomas Campbell, Sandra Patricia Campbell, Jill Marie Campbell, Robert Arthur Campbell, Juan Ortega Campos, Sean Canavan, John A. Candela, Vincent Cangelosi, Stephen J. Cangialosi, Lisa B. Cannava, Brian Cannizzaro, Michael R. Canty, Louis A. Caporicci, Jonathan N. Cappello, James Christopher Cappers, Richard M. Caproni, Jose Cardona, Dennis M Carey, Edward Carlino, Michael Scott Carlo, David G. Carlone, Rosemarie C. Carlson, Mark Stephen Carney, Joyce Ann Carpeneto, Alicia Acevedo Carranza, Jeremy M. Carrington, Michael T. Carroll, Peter Carroll, James J. Carson, James Marcel Cartier, Vivian Casalduc, John F. Casazza, Paul Cascio, Kathleen Hunt Casey, Margarito Casillas, Thomas Anthony Casoria, William Otto Caspar, Alejandro Castano, Arcelia Castillo, Leonard M. Castrianno, Jose Ramon Castro, Richard G. Catarelli, Christopher Sean Caton, Robert J. Caufield, Mary Teresa Caulfield, Judson Cavalier, Michael Joseph Cawley, Jason D. Cayne, Juan Armando Ceballos, Marcia G. Cecil-Carter, Jason Cefalu, Thomas J. Celic, Ana M. Centeno, Joni Cesta, Jeffrey M. Chairnoff, Swarna Chalasani, William Chalcoff, Eli Chalouh, Charles Lawrence (Chip) Chan, Mandy Chang, Mark L. Charette, Gregorio Manuel Chavez, Jayceryll M. de Chavez, Pedro Francisco Checo, Douglas MacMillan Cherry, Stephen Patrick Cherry, Vernon Paul Cherry, Nestor Chevalier, Swede Joseph Chevalier, Alexander H. Chiang, Dorothy J. Chiarchiaro, Luis Alfonso Chimbo, Robert Chin, Wing Wai (Eddie) Ching, Nicholas P. Chiofalo, John Chipura, Peter A. Chirchirillo, Catherine E. Chirls, Kyung (Kaccy) Cho, Abul K. Chowdhury, Mohammed Salahuddin Chowdhury, Kirsten L. Christophe, Pamela Chu, Steven Paul Chucknick, Wai-ching Chung, Christopher Ciafardini, Alex F. Ciccone, Frances Ann Cilente, Elaine Cillo, Edna Cintron, Nestor Andre Cintron, Lt. Robert Dominick Cirri, Juan Pablo Alvarez Cisneros, Gregory Alan Clark, Mannie Leroy Clark, Thomas R. Clark, Eugene Clark, Benjamin Keefe Clark, Christopher Robert Clarke, Donna Clarke, Michael Clarke, Suria R.E. Clarke, Kevin Francis Cleary, James D. Cleere, Geoffrey W. Cloud, Susan M. Clyne, Steven Coakley, Jeffrey Coale, Patricia A. Cody, Daniel Michael Coffey, Jason Matthew Coffey, Florence Cohen, Kevin Sanford Cohen, Anthony Joseph Coladonato, Mark J. Colaio, Stephen J. Colaio, Christopher M. Colasanti, Michel Paris Colbert, Kevin Nathaniel Colbert, Keith Eugene Coleman, Scott Thomas Coleman, Tarel Coleman, Liam Joseph Colhoun, Robert D. Colin, Robert J. Coll, Jean Marie Collin, John Michael Collins, Michael L. Collins, Thomas J. Collins, Joseph Collison, Patricia Malia Colodner, Linda M. Colon, Soledi Colon, Ronald Comer, Jaime Concepcion, Albert Conde, Denease Conley, Susan Clancy Conlon, Margaret Mary Conner, John E. Connolly, Cynthia L. Connolly, James Lee Connor, Jonathan (J.C.) Connors, Kevin P. Connors, Kevin Francis Conroy, Brenda E. Conway, Dennis Michael Cook, Helen D. Cook, John A. Cooper, Joseph J. Coppo, Gerard J. Coppola, Joseph Albert Corbett, Alejandro Cordero, Robert Cordice, Ruben D. Correa, Danny A. Correa-Gutierrez, James Corrigan, Carlos Cortes, Kevin M. Cosgrove, Dolores Marie Costa, Digna Alexandra Rivera Costanza, Charles Gregory Costello, Michael S. Costello, Conrod K.H. Cottoy, Martin Coughlan, Sgt. John Gerard Coughlin, Timothy John Coughlin, James E. Cove, Andre Cox, Frederick John Cox, James Raymond Coyle, Michelle Coyle-Eulau, Anne M. Cramer, Christopher Seton Cramer, Denise Crant, Robert James Crawford, James L. Crawford, Joanne Mary Cregan, Lucia Crifasi, Lt. John Crisci, Daniel Hal Crisman, Dennis A. Cross, Helen Crossin-Kittle, Kevin Raymond Crotty, Thomas G. Crotty, John Crowe, Welles Remy Crowther, Robert L. Cruikshank, Francisco Cruz, John Robert Cruz, Kenneth John Cubas, Richard Joseph Cudina, Neil James Cudmore, Thomas Patrick Cullen, Joan McConnell Cullinan, Joyce Cummings, Brian Thomas Cummins, Nilton Albuquerque Fernao Cunha, Michael Joseph Cunningham, Robert Curatolo, Laurence Curia, Paul Dario Curioli, Beverly Curry, Sgt. Michael Curtin, Gavin Cushny, Caleb Arron Dack, Carlos S. DaCosta, John D'Allara, Vincent D'Amadeo, Thomas A. Damaskinos, Jack L. D'Ambrosi, Jeannine Marie Damiani-Jones, Patrick W. Danahy, Nana Kwuku Danso, Mary D'Antonio, Vincent G. Danz, Dwight Donald Darcy, Elizabeth Ann Darling, Annette Andrea Dataram, Lt. Edward Alexander D'Atri, Michael D. D'Auria, Lawrence Davidson, Michael Allen Davidson, Scott Matthew Davidson, Titus Davidson, Niurka Davila, Clinton Davis, Wayne Terrial Davis, Calvin Dawson, Anthony Richard Dawson, Edward James Day, Emerita (Emy) De La Pena, Melanie Louise De Vere, William T. Dean, Robert J. DeAngelis, Thomas P. Deangelis, Tara Debek, Anna Debin, James V. DeBlase, Paul DeCola, Simon Dedvukaj, Jason Christopher DeFazio, David A. Defeo, Jennifer DeJesus, Monique E. DeJesus, Nereida DeJesus, Donald A. Delapenha, Vito Joseph Deleo, Danielle Delie, Colleen Ann Deloughery, Francis (Frank) Albert DeMartini, Anthony Demas, Martin DeMeo, Francis X. Deming, Carol K. Demitz, Kevin Dennis, Thomas F. Dennis, Jean C. DePalma, Jose Nicolas Depena, Robert J. Deraney, Michael DeRienzo, David Paul Derubbio, Jemal Legesse DeSantis, Christian L. DeSimone, Edward DeSimone, Lt. Andrew Desperito, Michael Jude D'Esposito, Cindy Ann Deuel, Jerry DeVito, Robert P. Devitt, Dennis Lawrence Devlin, Gerard Dewan, Simon Suleman Ali Kassamali Dhanani, Michael L. DiAgostino, Matthew Diaz, Nancy Diaz, Obdulio Ruiz Diaz, Lourdes Galletti Diaz, Michael Diaz-Piedra, Judith Belguese Diaz-Sierra, Patricia F. DiChiaro, Joseph Dermot Dickey, Lawrence Patrick Dickinson, Michael David Diehl, John DiFato, Vincent F. DiFazio, Carl DiFranco, Donald J. DiFranco, Debra Ann DiMartino, Stephen P. Dimino, William J. Dimmling, Christopher Dincuff, Jeffrey M. Dingle, Anthony DiOnisio, George DiPasquale, Joseph DiPilato, Douglas Frank DiStefano, Ramzi A. Doany, John J. Doherty, Melissa C. Doi, Brendan Dolan, Neil Dollard, James Joseph Domanico, Benilda Pascua Domingo, Charles (Carlos) Dominguez, Geronimo (Jerome) Mark Patrick Dominguez, Lt. Kevin W. Donnelly, Jacqueline Donovan, Stephen Dorf, Thomas Dowd, Lt. Kevin Christopher Dowdell, Mary Yolanda Dowling, Raymond M. Downey, Joseph M. Doyle, Frank Joseph Doyle, Randy Drake, Stephen Patrick Driscoll, Mirna A. Duarte, Luke A. Dudek, Christopher Michael Duffy, Gerard Duffy, Michael Joseph Duffy, Thomas W. Duffy, Antoinette Duger, Jackie Sayegh Duggan, Sareve Dukat, Christopher Joseph Dunne, Richard A. Dunstan, Patrick Thomas Dwyer, Joseph Anthony Eacobacci, John Bruce Eagleson, Robert D. Eaton, Dean P. Eberling, Margaret Ruth Echtermann, Paul Robert Eckna, Constantine (Gus) Economos, Dennis Michael Edwards, Michael Hardy Edwards, Lisa Egan, Capt. Martin Egan, Michael Egan, Christine Egan, Samantha Egan, Carole Eggert, Lisa Caren Weinstein Ehrlich, John Ernst (Jack) Eichler, Eric Adam Eisenberg, Daphne F. Elder, Michael J. Elferis, Mark J. Ellis, Valerie Silver Ellis, Albert Alfy William Elmarry, Edgar H. Emery, Doris Suk-Yuen Eng, Christopher S. Epps, Ulf Ramm Ericson, Erwin L. Erker, William J. Erwin, Sarah (Ali) Escarcega, Jose Espinal, Fanny M. Espinoza, Francis Esposito, Lt. Michael Esposito, William Esposito, Brigette Ann Esposito, Ruben Esquilin, Sadie Ette, Barbara G. Etzold, Eric Brian Evans, Robert Edward Evans, Meredith Emily June Ewart, Catherine K. Fagan, Patricia M. Fagan, Keith G. Fairben, William Fallon, William F. Fallon, Anthony J. Fallone, Dolores B. Fanelli, John Joseph Fanning, Kathleen (Kit) Faragher, Capt. Thomas Farino, Nancy Carole Farley, Elizabeth Ann (Betty) Farmer, Douglas Farnum, John W. Farrell, Terrence Patrick Farrell, John G. Farrell, Capt. Joseph Farrelly, Thomas P. Farrelly, Syed Abdul Fatha, Christopher Faughnan, Wendy R. Faulkner, Shannon M. Fava, Bernard D. Favuzza, Robert Fazio, Ronald C. Fazio, William Feehan, Francis J. (Frank) Feely, Garth E. Feeney, Sean B. Fegan, Lee S. Fehling, Peter Feidelberg, Alan D. Feinberg, Rosa Maria Feliciano, Edward T. Fergus, George Ferguson, Henry Fernandez, Judy H. Fernandez, Jose Manuel Contreras Fernandez, Elisa Giselle Ferraina, Anne Marie Sallerin Ferreira, Robert John Ferris, David Francis Ferrugio, Louis V. Fersini, Michael David Ferugio, Bradley James Fetchet, Jennifer Louise Fialko, Kristen Fiedel, Samuel Fields, Michael Bradley Finnegan, Timothy J. Finnerty, Michael Curtis Fiore, Stephen J. Fiorelli, Paul M. Fiori, John Fiorito, Lt. John R. Fischer, Andrew Fisher, Thomas J. Fisher, Bennett Lawson Fisher, John Roger Fisher, Lucy Fishman, Ryan D. Fitzgerald, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Richard P. Fitzsimons, Salvatore A. Fiumefreddo, Christina Donovan Flannery, Eileen Flecha, Andre G. Fletcher, Carl Flickinger, John Joseph Florio, Joseph W. Flounders, David Fodor, Lt. Michael N. Fodor, Steven Mark Fogel, Thomas Foley, David Fontana, Chih Min (Dennis) Foo, Del Rose Forbes-Cheatham, Godwin Forde, Donald A. Foreman, Christopher Hugh Forsythe, Claudia Alicia Martinez Foster, Noel J. Foster, Ana Fosteris, Robert J. Foti, Jeffrey L. Fox, Virginia Fox, Virgin (Lucy) Francis, Pauline Francis, Joan Francis, Gary J. Frank, Morton Frank, Peter Christopher Frank, Richard K. Fraser, Kevin Joseph Frawley, Clyde Frazier, Lillian I. Frederick, Andrew Fredericks, Tamitha Freemen, Brett O. Freiman, Lt. Peter L. Freund, Arlene E. Fried, Alan Wayne Friedlander, Andrew K. Friedman, Gregg J. Froehner, Peter Christian Fry, 36, Clement Fumando, Steven Elliot Furman, Paul James Furmato, Fredric Gabler, Richard S. Gabrielle, James Andrew Gadiel, Pamela Gaff, Ervin Vincent Gailliard, Deanna L. Galante, Grace Galante, Anthony Edward Gallagher, Daniel James Gallagher, John Patrick Gallagher, Cono E. Gallo, Vincenzo Gallucci, Thomas Edward Galvin, Giovanna (Genni) Gambale, Thomas Gambino, Giann F. Gamboa, Peter J. Ganci, Claude Michael Gann, Lt. Charles William Garbarini, Cesar Garcia, David Garcia, Jorge Luis Morron Garcia, Juan Garcia, Marlyn C. Garcia, Christopher Gardner, Douglas B. Gardner, Harvey J. Gardner, Thomas A. Gardner, Jeffrey B. Gardner, William Arthur Gardner, Francesco Garfi, Rocco Gargano, James M. Gartenberg, Matthew David Garvey, Bruce Gary, Palmina Delli Gatti, Boyd A. Gatton, Donald Richard Gavagan, Terence D. Gazzani, Gary Geidel, Paul Hamilton Geier, Julie M. Geis, Peter Gelinas, Steven Paul Geller, Howard G. Gelling, Peter Victor Genco, Steven Gregory Genovese, Alayne F. Gentul, Edward F. Geraghty, Suzanne Geraty, Ralph Gerhardt, Robert J. Gerlich, Denis P. Germain, Marina R. Gertsberg, Susan M. Getzendanner, James Gerard Geyer, Joseph M. Giaccone, Lt. Vincent Francis Giammona, Debra L. Gibbon, James A. Giberson, Craig Neil Gibson, Ronnie Gies, Laura A. Giglio, Andrew Clive Gilbert, Timothy Paul Gilbert, Paul Stuart Gilbey, Paul John Gill, Mark Y. Gilles, Evan H. Gillette, Ronald Gilligan, Sgt. Rodney C. Gillis, Laura Gilly, Lt. John F. Ginley, Jeffrey Giordano, John Giordano, Donna Marie Giordano, Steven A. Giorgetti, Martin Giovinazzo, Kum-Kum Girolamo, Salvatore Gitto, Cynthia Giugliano, Mon Gjonbalaj, Dianne Gladstone, Keith Alexander Glascoe, Thomas I. Glasser, Harry Glenn, Barry H. Glick, 55, Steven Lawrence Glick, John T. Gnazzo, William (Bill) Robert Godshalk, Michael Gogliormella, Brian Fredric Goldberg, Jeffrey Grant Goldflam, Michelle Herman Goldstein, Monica Goldstein, Steven Goldstein, Andrew H. Golkin, Dennis James Gomes, Enrique Antonio Gomez, Jose Bienvenido Gomez, Manuel Gomez, Wilder Gomez, Jenine Gonzalez, Joel Guevara Gonzalez, Rosa J. Gonzalez, Mauricio Gonzalez, Calvin J. Gooding, Harry Goody, Kiran Reddy Gopu, Catherine Carmen Gorayeb, Kerene Gordon, Sebastian Gorki, Thomas E. Gorman, Kieran Gorman, Michael Edward Gould, Yugi Goya, Jon Richard Grabowski, Christopher Michael Grady, Edwin John Graf, David M. Graifman, Gilbert Granados, Elvira Granitto, Winston Arthur Grant, Christopher Stewart Gray, James Michael Gray, Linda Mair Grayling, John Michael Grazioso, Timothy Grazioso, Derrick Arthur Green, Wade Brian Green, Elaine Myra Greenberg, Gayle R. Greene, James Arthur Greenleaf, Eileen Marsha Greenstein, Elizabeth (Lisa) Martin Gregg, Donald H. Gregory, Florence M. Gregory, Denise Gregory, Pedro (David) Grehan, John M. Griffin, Tawanna Griffin, Joan D. Griffith, Warren Grifka, Ramon Grijalvo, Joseph F. Grillo, David Grimner, Kenneth Grouzalis, Joseph Grzelak, Matthew J. Grzymalski, Robert Joseph Gschaar, Liming (Michael) Gu, Jose A. Guadalupe, Yan Zhu (Cindy) Guan, Geoffrey E. Guja, Lt. Joseph Gullickson, Babita Guman, Douglas B. Gurian, Philip T. Guza, Barbara Guzzardo, Peter Gyulavary, Gary Robert Haag, Andrea Lyn Haberman, Barbara M. Habib, Philip Haentzler, Nizam A. Hafiz, Karen Hagerty, Steven Hagis, Mary Lou Hague, David Halderman, Maile Rachel Hale, Richard Hall, Vaswald George Hall, Robert John Halligan, Lt. Vincent Gerard Halloran, James D. Halvorson, Mohammad Salman Hamdani, Felicia Hamilton, Robert Hamilton, Frederic Kim Han, Christopher James Hanley, Sean Hanley, Valerie Joan Hanna, Thomas Hannafin, Kevin James Hannaford, Michael L. Hannan, Dana Hannon, Vassilios G. Haramis, James A. Haran, Jeffrey P. Hardy, Timothy John Hargrave, Daniel Harlin, Frances Haros, Lt. Harvey L. Harrell, Lt. Stephen Gary Harrell, Stewart D. Harris, Aisha Harris, John Patrick Hart, John Clinton Hartz, Emeric J. Harvey, Capt. Thomas Theodore Haskell, Timothy Haskell, Joseph John Hasson, Capt. Terence S. Hatton, Leonard William Hatton, Michael Helmut Haub, Timothy Aaron Haviland, Donald G. Havlish, Anthony Hawkins, Nobuhiro Hayatsu, Philip Hayes, William Ward Haynes, Scott Hazelcorn, Lt. Michael K. Healey, Roberta Bernstein Heber, Charles Francis Xavier Heeran, John Heffernan, Howard Joseph Heller, JoAnn L. Heltibridle, Mark F. Hemschoot, Ronnie Lee Henderson, Janet Hendricks, Brian Hennessey, Michelle Marie Henrique, Joseph P. Henry, William Henry, John Henwood, Robert Allan Hepburn, Mary (Molly) Herencia, Lindsay Coates Herkness, Harvey Robert Hermer, Claribel Hernandez, Norberto Hernandez, Raul Hernandez, Gary Herold, Jeffrey A. Hersch, Thomas Hetzel, Capt. Brian Hickey, Ysidro Hidalgo-Tejada, Lt. Timothy Higgins, Robert D. Higley, Todd Russell Hill, Clara Victorine Hinds, Neal Hinds, Mark D. Hindy, Richard Bruce Van Hine, Katsuyuki Hirai, Heather Malia Ho, Tara Yvette Hobbs, Thomas A. Hobbs, James L. Hobin, Robert Wayne Hobson, DaJuan Hodges, Ronald George Hoerner, Patrick Aloysius Hoey, Stephen G. Hoffman, Marcia Hoffman, Frederick J. Hoffmann, Michele L. Hoffmann, Judith Florence Hofmiller, Thomas Warren Hohlweck, Jonathan R. Hohmann, Joseph Francis Holland, John Holland, Elizabeth Holmes, Thomas P. Holohan, Bradley Hoorn, James P. Hopper, Montgomery McCullough Hord, Michael Horn, Matthew D. Horning, Robert L. Horohoe, Aaron Horwitz, Charles J. Houston, Uhuru G. Houston, George Howard, Steven L. Howell, Michael C. Howell, Jennifer L. Howley, Milagros (Millie) Hromada, Marian Hrycak, Stephen Huczko, Kris R. Hughes, Melissa Harrington Hughes, Thomas F. Hughes, Timothy Robert Hughes, Paul R. Hughes, Robert T. (Bobby) Hughes, Susan Huie, Mychal Lamar Hulse, William C. Hunt, Joseph G. Hunter, Robert Hussa, Capt. Walter Hynes, Thomas E. Hynes, Joseph Anthony Ianelli, Zuhtu Ibis, Jonathan Lee Ielpi, Michael Patrick Iken, Daniel Ilkanayev, Capt. Frederick Ill, Abraham Nethanel Ilowitz, Anthony P. Infante, Louis S. Inghilterra, Christopher N. Ingrassia, Paul Innella, Stephanie V. Irby, Douglas Irgang, Todd A. Isaac, Erik Hans Isbrandtsen, Taizo Ishikawa, Aram Iskenderian, John Iskyan, Kazushige Ito, Aleksandr Valeryerich Ivantsov, Virginia Jablonski, Brooke Alexandra Jackman, Aaron Jacobs, Jason Kyle Jacobs, Michael Grady Jacobs, Ariel Louis Jacobs, Steven A. Jacobson, Ricknauth Jaggernauth, Jake Denis Jagoda, Yudh V.S. Jain, Maria Jakubiak, Gricelda E. James, Ernest James, Mark Jardim, Mohammed Jawara, Francois Jean-Pierre, Maxima Jean-Pierre, Paul E. Jeffers, Joseph Jenkins, Alan K. Jensen, Prem N. Jerath, Farah Jeudy, Hweidar Jian, Eliezer Jimenez, Luis Jimenez, Charles Gregory John, Nicholas John, Scott M. Johnson, LaShawana Johnson, William Johnston, Arthur Joseph Jones, Allison Horstmann Jones, Brian L. Jones, Christopher D. Jones, Donald T. Jones, Donald W. Jones, Linda Jones, Mary S. Jones, Andrew Jordan, Robert Thomas Jordan, Ingeborg Joseph, Karl Henri Joseph, Stephen Joseph, Albert Joseph, Jane Eileen Josiah, Lt. Anthony Jovic, Angel Luis Juarbe, Karen Susan Juday, The Rev. Mychal Judge, Paul W. Jurgens, Thomas Edward Jurgens, Kacinga Kabeya, Shashi Kiran Lakshmikantha Kadaba, Gavkharoy Mukhometovna Kamardinova, Shari Kandell, Howard Lee Kane, Jennifer Lynn Kane, Vincent D. Kane, Joon Koo Kang, Sheldon R. Kanter, Deborah H. Kaplan, Alvin Peter Kappelmann, Charles Karczewski, William A. Karnes, Douglas G. Karpiloff, Charles L. Kasper, Andrew Kates, John Katsimatides, Sgt. Robert Kaulfers, Don Jerome Kauth, Hideya Kawauchi, Edward T. Keane, Richard M. Keane, Lisa Kearney-Griffin, Karol Ann Keasler, Paul Hanlon Keating, Leo Russell Keene, Joseph J. Keller, Peter Rodney Kellerman, Joseph P. Kellett, Frederick H. Kelley, James Joseph Kelly, Joseph A. Kelly, Maurice Patrick Kelly, Richard John Kelly, Thomas Michael Kelly, Thomas Richard Kelly, Thomas W. Kelly, Timothy C. Kelly, William Hill Kelly, Robert C. Kennedy, Thomas J. Kennedy, John Keohane, Lt. Ronald T. Kerwin, Howard L. Kestenbaum, Douglas D. Ketcham, Ruth E. Ketler, Boris Khalif, Sarah Khan, Taimour Firaz Khan, Rajesh Khandelwal, SeiLai Khoo, Michael Kiefer, Satoshi Kikuchihara, Andrew Jay-Hoon Kim, Lawrence Don Kim, Mary Jo Kimelman, Andrew Marshall King, Lucille T. King, Robert King, Lisa M. King-Johnson, Takashi Kinoshita, Chris Michael Kirby, Howard (Barry) Kirschbaum, Glenn Davis Kirwin, Richard J. Klares, Peter A. Klein, Alan D. Kleinberg, Karen J. Klitzman, Ronald Philip Kloepfer, Yevgeny Kniazev, Thomas Patrick Knox, Andrew Knox, Rebecca Lee Koborie, Deborah Kobus, Gary Edward Koecheler, Frank J. Koestner, Ryan Kohart, Vanessa Lynn Kolpak, Irina Kolpakova, Suzanne Kondratenko, Abdoulaye Kone, Bon-seok Koo, Dorota Kopiczko, Scott Kopytko, Bojan Kostic, Danielle Kousoulis, John J. Kren, William Krukowski, Lyudmila Ksido, Shekhar Kumar, Kenneth Kumpel, Frederick Kuo, Patricia Kuras, Nauka Kushitani, Thomas Joseph Kuveikis, Victor Kwarkye, Kui Fai Kwok, Angela R. Kyte, Amarnauth Lachhman, Ganesh Ladkat, James P. Ladley, Daniel M. Van Laere, Joseph A. Lafalce, Jeanette LaFond-Menichino, David LaForge, Michael Patrick LaForte, Alan Lafrance, Juan Lafuente, Neil K. Lai, Vincent A. Laieta, William David Lake, Franco Lalama, Chow Kwan Lam, Stephen LaMantia, Amy Hope Lamonsoff, Robert T. Lane, Brendan M. Lang, Rosanne P. Lang, Vanessa Langer, Mary Lou Langley, Peter J. Langone, Thomas Langone, Michele B. Lanza, Ruth Sheila Lapin, Carol Ann LaPlante, Ingeborg Astrid Desiree Lariby, Robin Larkey, Christopher Randall Larrabee, Hamidou S. Larry, Scott Larsen, John Adam Larson, Gary E. Lasko, Nicholas C. Lassman, Paul Laszczynski, Jeffrey Latouche, Cristina de Laura, Oscar de Laura, Charles Laurencin, Stephen James Lauria, Maria Lavache, Denis F. Lavelle, Jeannine M. LaVerde, Anna A. Laverty, Steven Lawn, Robert A. Lawrence, Nathaniel Lawson, Eugen Lazar, James Patrick Leahy, Lt. Joseph Gerard Leavey, Neil Leavy, Leon Lebor, Kenneth Charles Ledee, Alan J. Lederman, Elena Ledesma, Alexis Leduc, Myung-woo Lee, David S. Lee, Gary H. Lee, Hyun-joon (Paul) Lee, Jong-min Lee, Juanita Lee, Lorraine Lee, Richard Y.C. Lee, Yang Der Lee, Kathryn Blair Lee, Stuart (Soo-Jin) Lee, Linda C. Lee, Stephen Lefkowitz, Adriana Legro, Edward J. Lehman, Eric Andrew Lehrfeld, David Ralph Leistman, David Prudencio LeMagne, Joseph A. Lenihan, John J. Lennon, John Robinson Lenoir, Jorge Luis Leon, Matthew Gerard Leonard, Michael Lepore, Charles Antoine Lesperance, Jeffrey Earle LeVeen, John D. Levi, Alisha Caren Levin, Neil D. Levin, Robert Levine, Robert M. Levine, Shai Levinhar, Adam J. Lewis, Margaret Susan Lewis, Ye Wei Liang, Orasri Liangthanasarn, Daniel F. Libretti, Ralph M. Licciardi, Edward Lichtschein, Steven B. Lillianthal, Carlos R. Lillo, Craig Damian Lilore, Arnold A. Lim, Darya Lin, Wei Rong Lin, Nickie L. Lindo, Thomas V. Linehan, Robert Thomas Linnane, Alan Linton, Diane Theresa Lipari, Kenneth P. Lira, Francisco Alberto Liriano, Lorraine Lisi, Paul Lisson, Vincent Litto, Ming-Hao Liu, Nancy Liz, Harold Lizcano, Martin Lizzul, George A. Llanes, Elizabeth Claire Logler, Catherine Lisa Loguidice, Jerome Robert Lohez, Michael W. Lomax, Laura M. Longing, Salvatore P. Lopes, Daniel Lopez, Luis Lopez, Manuel L. Lopez, George Lopez, Joseph Lostrangio, Chet Louie, Stuart Seid Louis, Joseph Lovero, Michael W. Lowe, Garry Lozier, John Peter Lozowsky, Charles Peter Lucania, Edward (Ted) H. Luckett, Mark G. Ludvigsen, Lee Charles Ludwig, Sean Thomas Lugano, Daniel Lugo, Marie Lukas, William Lum, Michael P. Lunden, Christopher Lunder, Anthony Luparello, Gary Lutnick, Linda Luzzicone, Alexander Lygin, Farrell Peter Lynch, James Francis Lynch, Louise A. Lynch, Michael Lynch, Michael F. Lynch, Richard Dennis Lynch, Robert H. Lynch, Sean Lynch, Michael J. Lyons, Patrick Lyons, Monica Lyons, Robert Francis Mace, Jan Maciejewski, Catherine Fairfax MacRae, Richard B. Madden, Simon Maddison, Noell Maerz, Jeannieann Maffeo, Joseph Maffeo, Jay Robert Magazine, Charles Wilson Magee, Brian Magee, Joseph Maggitti, Ronald E. Magnuson, Daniel L. Maher, Thomas Anthony Mahon, William Mahoney, Joseph Maio, Takashi Makimoto, Abdu Malahi, Debora Maldonado, Myrna T. Maldonado-Agosto, Alfred R. Maler, Gregory James Malone, Edward Francis (Teddy) Maloney, Joseph E. Maloney, Gene E. Maloy, Christian Maltby, Francisco Miguel (Frank) Mancini, Joseph Mangano, Sara Elizabeth Manley, Debra M. Mannetta, Terence J. Manning, Marion Victoria (Vickie) Manning, James Maounis, Joseph Ross Marchbanks, Peter Edward Mardikian, Edward Joseph Mardovich, Lt. Charles Joseph Margiotta, Kenneth Joseph Marino, Lester Vincent Marino, Vita Marino, Kevin D. Marlo, Jose J. Marrero, John Marshall, James Martello, Michael A. Marti, Lt. Peter Martin, William J. Martin, Brian E. Martineau, Betsy Martinez, Edward J. Martinez, Jose Angel Martinez, Robert Gabriel Martinez, Lizie Martinez-Calderon, Lt. Paul Richard Martini, Joseph A. Mascali, Bernard Mascarenhas, Stephen F. Masi, Nicholas G. Massa, Patricia A. Massari, Michael Massaroli, Philip W. Mastrandrea, Rudolph Mastrocinque, Joseph Mathai, Charles William Mathers, William A. Mathesen, Marcello Matricciano, Margaret Elaine Mattic, Robert D. Mattson, Walter Matuza, Charles A. (Chuck) Mauro, Charles J. Mauro, Dorothy Mauro, Nancy T. Mauro, Tyrone May, Keithroy Maynard, Robert J. Mayo, Kathy Nancy Mazza-Delosh, Edward Mazzella, Jennifer Mazzotta, Kaaria Mbaya, James J. McAlary, Brian McAleese, Patricia A. McAneney, Colin Richard McArthur, John McAvoy, Kenneth M. McBrayer, Brendan McCabe, Michael J. McCabe, Thomas McCann, Justin McCarthy, Kevin M. McCarthy, Michael Desmond McCarthy, Robert Garvin McCarthy, Katie Marie McCloskey, Tara McCloud-Gray, Charles Austin McCrann, Tonyell McDay, Matthew T. McDermott, Joseph P. McDonald, Brian G. McDonnell, Michael McDonnell, John F. McDowell, Eamon J. McEneaney, John Thomas McErlean, Daniel F. McGinley, Mark Ryan McGinly, Lt. William E. McGinn, Thomas H. McGinnis, Michael Gregory McGinty, Ann McGovern, Scott Martin McGovern, William J. McGovern, Stacey S. McGowan, Francis Noel McGuinn, Patrick J. McGuire, Thomas M. McHale, Keith McHeffey, Denis J. McHugh, Dennis P. McHugh, Michael Edward McHugh, Ann M. McHugh, Robert G. McIlvaine, Donald James McIntyre, Stephanie McKenna, Barry J. McKeon, Evelyn C. McKinnedy, Darryl Leron McKinney, Robert C. McLaughlin, George Patrick McLaughlin, Gavin McMahon, Robert Dismas McMahon, Edmund M. McNally, Daniel McNeal, Walter Arthur McNeil, Sean Peter McNulty, Christine Sheila McNulty, Robert William McPadden, Terence A. McShane, Timothy Patrick McSweeney, Martin E. McWilliams, Rocco A. Medaglia, Abigail Cales Medina, Ana Iris Medina, Deborah Medwig, William J. Meehan, Damian Meehan, Alok Kumar Mehta, Raymond Meisenheimer, Manuel Emilio Mejia, Eskedar Melaku, Antonio Melendez, Mary Melendez, Yelena Melnichenko, Stuart Todd Meltzer, Diarelia Jovannah Mena, Charles Mendez, Lizette Mendoza, Shevonne Mentis, Steve Mercado, Wesley Mercer, Ralph Joseph Mercurio, Alan H. Merdinger, George C. Merino, Yamel Merino, George Merkouris, Deborah Merrick, Raymond J. Metz, Jill A. Metzler, David Robert Meyer, Nurul Huq Miah, William Edward Micciulli, Martin Paul Michelstein, Luis Clodoaldo Revilla Mier, Peter T. Milano, Gregory Milanowycz, Lukasz T. Milewski, Craig James Miller, Corey Peter Miller, Douglas C. Miller, Henry Miller, Michael Matthew Miller, Phillip D. Miller, Robert C. Miller, Robert Alan Miller, Joel Miller, Benjamin Millman, Charles M. Mills, Ronald Keith Milstein, Robert Minara, William G. Minardi, Louis Joseph Minervino, Thomas Mingione, Wilbert Miraille, Domenick Mircovich, Rajesh A. Mirpuri, Joseph Mistrulli, Susan Miszkowicz, Lt. Paul Thomas Mitchell, Richard Miuccio, Frank V. Moccia, Capt. Louis Joseph Modafferi, Boyie Mohammed, Lt. Dennis Mojica, Manuel Mojica, Manuel Dejesus Molina, Kleber Rolando Molina, Fernando Jimenez Molinar, Carl Molinaro, Justin J. Molisani, Brian Patrick Monaghan, Franklin Monahan, John Gerard Monahan, Kristen Montanaro, Craig D. Montano, Michael Montesi, Cheryl Ann Monyak, Capt. Thomas Moody, Sharon Moore, Krishna Moorthy, Abner Morales, Carlos Morales, Paula Morales, Luis Morales, John Moran, John Christopher Moran, Lindsay S. Morehouse, George Morell, Steven P. Morello, Vincent S. Morello, Arturo Alva Moreno, Yvette Nicole Moreno, Dorothy Morgan, Richard Morgan, Nancy Morgenstern, Sanae Mori, Blanca Morocho, Leonel Morocho, Dennis G. Moroney, Lynne Irene Morris, Seth A. Morris, Stephen Philip Morris, Christopher M. Morrison, Ferdinand V. Morrone, William David Moskal, Manuel Da Mota, Marco Motroni, Iouri A. Mouchinski, Jude J. Moussa, Peter C. Moutos, Damion Mowatt, Christopher Mozzillo, Stephen V. Mulderry, Richard Muldowney, Michael D. Mullan, Dennis Michael Mulligan, Peter James Mulligan, Michael Joseph Mullin, James Donald Munhall, Nancy Muniz, Carlos Mario Munoz, Francisco Munoz, Theresa (Terry) Munson, Robert M. Murach, Cesar Augusto Murillo, Marc A. Murolo, Robert Eddie Murphy, Brian Joseph Murphy, Christopher W. Murphy, Edward C. Murphy, James F. Murphy, James Thomas Murphy, Kevin James Murphy, Patrick Sean Murphy, Lt. Raymond E. Murphy, Charles Murphy, John Joseph Murray, John Joseph Murray, Susan D. Murray, Valerie Victoria Murray, Richard Todd Myhre, Lt. Robert B. Nagel, Takuya Nakamura, Alexander J.R. Napier, Frank Joseph Naples, John Napolitano, Catherine A. Nardella, Mario Nardone, Manika Narula, Narender Nath, Karen S. Navarro, Joseph M. Navas, Francis J. Nazario, Glenroy Neblett, Marcus R. Neblett, Jerome O. Nedd, Laurence Nedell, Luke G. Nee, Pete Negron, Ann Nicole Nelson, David William Nelson, James Nelson, Michele Ann Nelson, Peter Allen Nelson, Oscar Nesbitt, Gerard Terence Nevins, Christopher Newton-Carter, Kapinga Ngalula, Nancy Yuen Ngo, Jody Tepedino Nichilo, Martin Niederer, Alfonse J. Niedermeyer, Frank John Niestadt, Gloria Nieves, Juan Nieves, Troy Edward Nilsen, Paul R. Nimbley, John Ballantine Niven, Katherine (Katie) McGarry Noack, Curtis Terrence Noel, Daniel R. Nolan, Robert Walter Noonan, Daniela R. Notaro, Brian Novotny, Soichi Numata, Brian Felix Nunez, Jose R. Nunez, Jeffrey Nussbaum, James A. Oakley, Dennis O'Berg, James P. O'Brien, Scott J. O'Brien, Timothy Michael O'Brien, Michael O'Brien, Captain Daniel O'Callaghan, Richard J. O'Connor, Dennis J. O'Connor, Diana J. O'Connor, Keith K. O'Connor, Amy O'Doherty, Marni Pont O'Doherty, Douglas Oelschlager, Takashi Ogawa, Albert Ogletree, Philip Paul Ognibene, James Andrew O'Grady, Joseph J. Ogren, Lt. Thomas O'Hagan, Samuel Oitice, Patrick O'Keefe, Capt. William O'Keefe, Gerald Michael Olcott, Gerald O'Leary, Christine Anne Olender, Elsy Carolina Osorio Oliva, Linda Mary Oliva, Edward K. Oliver, Leah E. Oliver, Eric T. Olsen, Jeffrey James Olsen, Maureen L. Olson, Steven John Olson, Matthew Timothy O'Mahoney, Toshihiro Onda, Seamus L. O'Neal, John P. O'Neill, Sean Gordon Corbett O'Neill, Peter J. O'Neill, Michael C. Opperman, Christopher Orgielewicz, Margaret Orloske, Virginia A. Ormiston, Kevin O'Rourke, Juan Romero Orozco, Ronald Orsini, Peter K. Ortale, Emilio (Peter) Ortiz, David Ortiz, Paul Ortiz, Sonia Ortiz, Alexander Ortiz, Pablo Ortiz, Masaru Ose, Robert W. O'Shea, Patrick J. O'Shea, James Robert Ostrowski, Timothy O'Sullivan, Jason Douglas Oswald, Michael Otten, Isidro Ottenwalder, Michael Chung Ou, Todd Joseph Ouida, Jesus Ovalles, Peter J. Owens, Adianes Oyola, Angel M. Pabon, Israel Pabon, Roland Pacheco, Michael Benjamin Packer, Deepa K. Pakkala, Jeffrey Matthew Palazzo, Thomas Anthony Palazzo, Richard (Rico) Palazzolo, Orio Joseph Palmer, Frank A. Palombo, Alan N. Palumbo, Christopher M. Panatier, Dominique Pandolfo, Paul Pansini, John M. Paolillo, Edward J. Papa, Salvatore Papasso, James N. Pappageorge, Vinod K. Parakat, Vijayashanker Paramsothy, Nitin Ramesh Parandkar, Hardai (Casey) Parbhu, James Wendell Parham, Debra (Debbie) Paris, George Paris, Gye-Hyong Park, Philip L. Parker, Michael A. Parkes, Robert Emmett Parks, Hasmukhrai Chuckulal Parmar, Robert Parro, Diane Marie Moore Parsons, Leobardo Lopez Pascual, Michael J. Pascuma, Jerrold H. Paskins, Horace Robert Passananti, Suzanne H. Passaro, Victor Antonio Martinez Pastrana, Manish K. Patel, Avnish Ramanbhai Patel, Dipti Patel, Steven B. Paterson, James Matthew Patrick, Manuel Patrocino, Bernard E. Patterson, Cira Marie Patti, Robert Edward Pattison, James R. Paul, Sharon Cristina Millan Paz, Patrice Paz, Victor Paz-Gutierrez, Stacey L. Peak, Richard Allen Pearlman, Durrell Pearsall, Thomas E. Pedicini, Todd D. Pelino, Michel Adrian Pelletier, Anthony Peluso, Angel Ramon Pena, Richard Al Penny, Salvatore F. Pepe, Carl Allen Peralta, Robert David Peraza, Jon A. Perconti, Alejo Perez, Angel Perez, Angela Susan Perez, Ivan Perez, Nancy E. Perez, Anthony Perez, Joseph John Perroncino, Edward J. Perrotta, Lt. Glenn C. Perry, Emelda Perry, John William Perry, Franklin Allan Pershep, Daniel Pesce, Michael J. Pescherine, Davin Peterson, William Russel Peterson, Mark Petrocelli, Lt. Philip S. Petti, Glen Kerrin Pettit, Dominick Pezzulo, Kaleen E. Pezzuti, Lt. Kevin Pfeifer, Tu-Anh Pham, Lt. Kenneth John Phelan, Michael V. San Phillip, Eugenia Piantieri, Ludwig John Picarro, Matthew Picerno, Joseph O. Pick, Christopher Pickford, Dennis J. Pierce, Joseph A. Della Pietra, Bernard T. Pietronico, Nicholas P. Pietrunti, Theodoros Pigis, Susan Elizabeth Ancona Pinto, Joseph Piskadlo, Christopher Todd Pitman, Josh Michael Piver, Joseph Plumitallo, John M. Pocher, William Howard Pohlmann, Laurence M. Polatsch, Thomas H. Polhemus, Steve Pollicino, Susan M. Pollio, Joshua Poptean, Giovanna Porras, Anthony Portillo, James Edward Potorti, Daphne Pouletsos, Richard Poulos, Stephen E. Poulos, Brandon Jerome Powell, Shawn Edward Powell, Tony Pratt, Gregory M. Preziose, Wanda Ivelisse Prince, Vincent Princiotta, Kevin Prior, Everett Martin (Marty) Proctor, Carrie B. Progen, David Lee Pruim, Richard Prunty, John F. Puckett, Robert D. Pugliese, Edward F. Pullis, Patricia Ann Puma, Hemanth Kumar Puttur, Edward R. Pykon, Christopher Quackenbush, Lars Peter Qualben, Lincoln Quappe, Beth Ann Quigley, Lt. Michael Quilty, Ricardo Quinn, James Francis Quinn, Carol Rabalais, Christopher Peter A. Racaniello, Leonard Ragaglia, Eugene J. Raggio, Laura Marie Ragonese-Snik, Michael Ragusa, Peter F. Raimondi, Harry A. Raines, Ehtesham U. Raja, Valsa Raju, Edward Rall, Lukas (Luke) Rambousek, Julio Fernandez Ramirez, Maria Isabel Ramirez, Harry Ramos, Vishnoo Ramsaroop, Lorenzo Ramzey, A. Todd Rancke, Adam David Rand, Jonathan C. Randall, Srinivasa Shreyas Ranganath, Anne Rose T. Ransom, Faina Rapoport, Robert Arthur Rasmussen, Amenia Rasool, 33, Roger Mark Rasweiler, David Alan James Rathkey, William Ralph Raub, Gerard Rauzi, Alexey Razuvaev, Gregory Reda, Sarah Prothero Redheffer, Michele Reed, Judith A. Reese, Donald J. Regan, Lt. Robert M. Regan, Thomas M. Regan, Christian Michael Otto Regenhard, Howard Reich, Gregg Reidy, Kevin O. Reilly, James Brian Reilly, Timothy E. Reilly, Joseph Reina, Thomas Barnes Reinig, Frank B. Reisman, Joshua Scott Reiss, Karen Renda, John Armand Reo, Richard Rescorla, John Thomas Resta, Sylvia San Pio Resta, Eduvigis (Eddie) Reyes, Bruce A. Reynolds, John Frederick Rhodes, Francis S. Riccardelli, Rudolph N. Riccio, AnnMarie (Davi) Riccoboni, Eileen Mary Rice, David Rice, Kenneth F. Rice, Lt. Vernon Allan Richard, Claude D. Richards, Gregory Richards, Michael Richards, Venesha O. Richards, James C. Riches, Alan Jay Richman, John M. Rigo, Theresa (Ginger) Risco, Rose Mary Riso, Moises N. Rivas, Joseph Rivelli, Isaias Rivera, Linda Rivera, 26, Juan William Rivera, Carmen A. Rivera, David E. Rivers, Joseph R. Riverso, Paul Rizza, John Frank Rizzo, Stephen Louis Roach, Joseph Roberto, Leo A. Roberts, Michael Roberts, Michael Edward Roberts, Donald Walter Robertson, Catherina Robinson, Jeffrey Robinson, Michell Lee Robotham, Donald Robson, Antonio Augusto Tome Rocha, Raymond J. Rocha, Laura Rockefeller, John M. Rodak, Antonio Jose Carrusca Rodrigues, Anthony Rodriguez, Carmen Milagros Rodriguez, Marsha A. Rodriguez, Richard Rodriguez, Gregory E. Rodriguez, David B. Rodriguez-Vargas, Matthew Rogan, Karlie Barbara Rogers, Scott Rohner, Keith Roma, Joseph M. Romagnolo, Elvin Santiago Romero, Efrain Franco Romero, James A. Romito, Sean Rooney, Eric Thomas Ropiteau, Aida Rosario, Angela Rosario, Fitzroy St. Rose, Mark H. Rosen, Linda Rosenbaum, Brooke David Rosenbaum, Sheryl Lynn Rosenbaum, Lloyd D. Rosenberg, Mark Louis Rosenberg, Andrew I. Rosenblum, Joshua M. Rosenblum, Joshua A. Rosenthal, Richard David Rosenthal, Daniel Rossetti, Norman Rossinow, Nicholas P. Rossomando, Michael Craig Rothberg, Donna Marie Rothenberg, Nick Rowe, Timothy A. Roy, Paul G. Ruback, Ronald J. Ruben, Joanne Rubino, David Michael Ruddle, Bart Joseph Ruggiere, Susan Ann Ruggiero, Adam K. Ruhalter, Gilbert Ruiz, Stephen P. Russell, Steven Harris Russin, Lt. Michael Thomas Russo, Wayne Alan Russo, John J. Ryan, Edward Ryan, Jonathan Stephan Ryan, Matthew Lancelot Ryan, Kristin A. Irvine Ryan, Tatiana Ryjova, Christina Sunga Ryook, Thierry Saada, Jason E. Sabbag, Thomas E. Sabella, Scott Saber, Joseph Sacerdote, Mohammad Ali Sadeque, Francis J. Sadocha, Jude Elias Safi, Brock Joel Safronoff, Edward Saiya, John Patrick Salamone, Hernando R. Salas, Juan Salas, Esmerlin Salcedo, John Salvatore Salerno, Richard L. Salinardi, Wayne John Saloman, Nolbert Salomon, Catherine Patricia Salter, Frank Salvaterra, Paul R. Salvio, Samuel R. Salvo, Carlos Samaniego, Rena Sam-Dinnoo, James Kenneth Samuel, Hugo Sanay-Perafiel, Alva Jeffries Sanchez, Jacquelyn P. Sanchez, Erick Sanchez, Eric Sand, Stacey Leigh Sanders, Herman Sandler, James Sands, Ayleen J. Santiago, Kirsten Santiago, Maria Theresa Santillan, Susan G. Santo, Christopher Santora, John Santore, Mario L. Santoro, Rafael Humberto Santos, Rufino Conrado F. (Roy) Santos, Kalyan K. Sarkar, Chapelle Sarker, Paul F. Sarle, Deepika Kumar Sattaluri, Gregory Thomas Saucedo, Susan Sauer, Anthony Savas, Vladimir Savinkin, John Sbarbaro, Robert L. Scandole, Michelle Scarpitta, Dennis Scauso, John A. Schardt, John G. Scharf, Fred Claude Scheffold, Angela Susan Scheinberg, Scott M. Schertzer, Sean Schielke, Steven Francis Schlag, Jon S. Schlissel, Karen Helene Schmidt, Ian Schneider, Thomas G. Schoales, Marisa Di Nardo Schorpp, Frank G. Schott, Gerard P. Schrang, Jeffrey Schreier, John T. Schroeder, Susan Lee Kennedy Schuler, Edward W. Schunk, Mark E. Schurmeier, Clarin Shellie Schwartz, John Schwartz, Mark Schwartz, Adriane Victoria Scibetta, Raphael Scorca, Randolph Scott, Christopher J. Scudder, Arthur Warren Scullin, Michael Seaman, Margaret Seeliger, Carlos Segarra, Anthony Segarra, Jason Sekzer, Matthew Carmen Sellitto, Howard Selwyn, Larry John Senko, Arturo Angelo Sereno, Frankie Serrano, Alena Sesinova, Adele Sessa, Sita Nermalla Sewnarine, Karen Lynn Seymour-Dietrich, Davis (Deeg) Sezna, Thomas Joseph Sgroi, Jayesh Shah, Khalid M. Shahid, Mohammed Shajahan, Gary Shamay, Earl Richard Shanahan, Shiv Shankar, Neil G. Shastri, Kathryn Anne Shatzoff, Barbara A. Shaw, Jeffrey J. Shaw, Robert J. Shay, Daniel James Shea, Joseph Patrick Shea, Linda Sheehan, Hagay Shefi, John Anthony Sherry, Atsushi Shiratori, Thomas Shubert, Mark Shulman, See-Wong Shum, Allan Shwartzstein, Johanna Sigmund, Dianne T. Signer, Gregory Sikorsky, Stephen Gerard Siller, David Silver, Craig A. Silverstein, Nasima H. Simjee, Bruce Edward Simmons, Arthur Simon, Kenneth Alan Simon, Michael John Simon, Paul Joseph Simon, Marianne Simone, Barry Simowitz, Jeff Simpson, Roshan R. (Sean) Singh, Khamladai K. (Khami) Singh, Thomas E. Sinton, Peter A. Siracuse, Muriel F. Siskopoulos, Joseph M. Sisolak, John P. Skala, Francis J. Skidmore, Toyena Corliss Skinner, Paul A. Skrzypek, Christopher Paul Slattery, Vincent R. Slavin, Robert Sliwak, Paul K. Sloan, Stanley S. Smagala, Wendy L. Small, Catherine T. Smith, Daniel Laurence Smith, George Eric Smith, James G. Smith, Joyce Smith, Karl Trumbull Smith, Kevin Smith, Leon Smith, Moira Smith, Rosemary A. Smith, Sandra Fajardo Smith, Jeffrey Randall Smith, Bonnie S. Smithwick, Rochelle Monique Snell, Leonard J. Snyder, Astrid Elizabeth Sohan, Sushil Solanki, Ruben Solares, Naomi Leah Solomon, Daniel W. Song, Michael C. Sorresse, Fabian Soto, Timothy P. Soulas, Gregory T. Spagnoletti, Donald F. Spampinato, Thomas Sparacio, John Anthony Spataro, Robert W. Spear, Maynard S. Spence, George E. Spencer, Robert Andrew Spencer, Mary Rubina Sperando, Frank J. Spinelli, William E. Spitz, Joseph P. Spor, Klaus Johannes Sprockamp, Saranya Srinuan, Michael F. Stabile, Lawrence T. Stack, Capt. Timothy Stackpole, Richard James Stadelberger, Eric A. Stahlman, Gregory M. Stajk, Corina Stan, Alexandru Liviu Stan, Mary D. Stanley, Joyce Stanton, Patricia Stanton, Anthony M. Starita, Jeffrey Stark, Derek James Statkevicus, Craig William Staub, William V. Steckman, Eric Thomas Steen, William R. Steiner, Alexander Robbins Steinman, Andrew Stergiopoulos, Andrew Stern, Martha Jane Stevens, Richard H. Stewart, Michael James Stewart, Sanford M. Stoller, Lonny J. Stone, Jimmy Nevill Storey, Timothy Stout, Thomas S. Strada, James J. Straine, Edward W. Straub, George Strauch, Edward T. Strauss, Steven R. Strauss, Steven F. Strobert, Walwyn W. Stuart, Benjamin Suarez, David S. Suarez, Ramon Suarez, Yoichi Sugiyama, William Christopher Sugra, Daniel Suhr, David Marc Sullins, Lt. Christopher P. Sullivan, Patrick Sullivan, Thomas Sullivan, Hilario Soriano (Larry) Sumaya, James Joseph Suozzo, Colleen Supinski, Robert Sutcliffe, Selina Sutter, Claudia Suzette Sutton, John F. Swaine, Kristine M. Swearson, Brian Edward Sweeney, Kenneth J. Swensen, Thomas F. Swift, Derek O. Sword, Kevin T. Szocik, Gina Sztejnberg, Norbert P. Szurkowski, Harry Taback, Joann Tabeek, Norma C. Taddei, Michael Taddonio, Keiji Takahashi, Keiichiro Takahashi, Phyllis Gail Talbot, Robert R. Talhami, Sean Patrick Tallon, Paul Talty, Maurita Tam, Rachel Tamares, Hector Tamayo, Michael Andrew Tamuccio, Kenichiro Tanaka, Rhondelle Cherie Tankard, Michael Anthony Tanner, Dennis Gerard Taormina, Kenneth Joseph Tarantino, Allan Tarasiewicz, Ronald Tartaro, Darryl Taylor, Donnie Brooks Taylor, Lorisa Ceylon Taylor, Michael M. Taylor, Paul A. Tegtmeier, Yeshavant Moreshwar Tembe, Anthony Tempesta, Dorothy Temple, Stanley L. Temple, David Tengelin, Brian J. Terrenzi, Lisa Marie Terry, Goumatie T. Thackurdeen, Harshad Sham Thatte, Thomas F. Theurkauf, Lesley Anne Thomas, Brian T. Thompson, Clive Thompson, Glenn Thompson, Perry Anthony Thompson, Vanavah Alexi Thompson, Capt. William Harry Thompson, Nigel Bruce Thompson, Eric Raymond Thorpe, Nichola A. Thorpe, Sal Tieri, John Patrick Tierney, Mary Ellen Tiesi, William R. Tieste, Kenneth F. Tietjen, Stephen Edward Tighe, Scott C. Timmes, Michael E. Tinley, Jennifer M. Tino, Robert Frank Tipaldi, John J. Tipping, David Tirado, Hector Luis Tirado, Michelle Titolo, John J. Tobin, Richard J. Todisco, Vladimir Tomasevic, Stephen K. Tompsett, Thomas Tong, Azucena de la Torre, Doris Torres, Luis Eduardo Torres, Amy E. Toyen, Christopher M. Traina, Daniel Patrick Trant, Abdoul Karim Traore, Glenn J. Travers, Walter (Wally) P. Travers, Felicia Traylor-Bass, Lisa L. Trerotola, Karamo Trerra, Michael Trinidad, Francis Joseph Trombino, Gregory J. Trost, William Tselepis, Zhanetta Tsoy, Michael Patrick Tucker, Lance Richard Tumulty, Ching Ping Tung, Simon James Turner, Donald Joseph Tuzio, Robert T. Twomey, Jennifer Tzemis, John G. Ueltzhoeffer, Tyler V. Ugolyn, Michael A. Uliano, Jonathan J. Uman, Anil Shivhari Umarkar, Allen V. Upton, Diane Maria Urban, John Damien Vaccacio, Bradley H. Vadas, William Valcarcel, Mayra Valdes-Rodriguez, Felix Antonio Vale, Ivan Vale, Santos Valentin, Benito Valentin, Manuel Del Valle, Carlton Francis Valvo, Edward Raymond Vanacore, Jon C. Vandevander, Frederick T. Varacchi, Gopalakrishnan Varadhan, David Vargas, Scott C. Vasel, Santos Vasquez, Azael Ismael Vasquez, Arcangel Vazquez, Peter Anthony Vega, Sankara S. Velamuri, Jorge Velazquez, Lawrence Veling, Anthony M. Ventura, David Vera, Loretta A, Vero, Christopher Vialonga, Matthew Gilbert Vianna, Robert A. Vicario, Celeste Torres Victoria, Joanna Vidal, John T. Vigiano, Joseph Vincent Vigiano, Frank J. Vignola, Joseph B. Vilardo, Sergio Villanueva, Chantal Vincelli, Melissa Vincent, Francine A. Virgilio, Lawrence Virgilio, Joseph G. Visciano, Joshua S. Vitale, Maria Percoco Vola, Lynette D. Vosges, Garo H. Voskerijian, Alfred Vukosa, Gregory Wachtler, Gabriela Waisman, Wendy Alice Rosario Wakeford, Courtney Wainsworth Walcott, Victor Wald, Benjamin Walker, Glen J. Wall, Mitchel Scott Wallace, Lt. Robert F. Wallace, Roy Michael Wallace, Peter G. Wallace, Jean Marie Wallendorf, Matthew Blake Wallens, John Wallice, Barbara P. Walsh, James Walsh, Jeffrey Patrick Walz, Ching H. Wang, Weibin Wang, Lt. Michael Warchola, Stephen Gordon Ward, James A. Waring, Brian G. Warner, Derrick Washington, Charles Waters, James Thomas (Muddy) Waters, Capt. Patrick J. Waters, Kenneth Watson, Michael H. Waye, Walter E. Weaver, Todd C. Weaver, Nathaniel Webb, Dinah Webster, Joanne Flora Weil, Michael Weinberg, Steven Weinberg, Scott Jeffrey Weingard, Steven Weinstein, Simon Weiser, David T. Weiss, David M. Weiss, Vincent Michael Wells, Timothy Matthew Welty, Christian Hans Rudolf Wemmers, Ssu-Hui (Vanessa) Wen, Oleh D. Wengerchuk, Peter M. West, Whitfield West, Meredith Lynn Whalen, Eugene Whelan, John S. White, Edward James White, James Patrick White, Kenneth W. White, Leonard Anthony White, Malissa White, Wayne White, Adam S. White, Leanne Marie Whiteside, Mark Whitford, Michael T. Wholey, Mary Lenz Wieman, Jeffrey David Wiener, William J. Wik, Alison Marie Wildman, Lt. Glenn Wilkinson, John C. Willett, Brian Patrick Williams, Crossley Williams, David Williams, Deborah Lynn Williams, Kevin Michael Williams, Louis Calvin Williams, Louie Anthony Williams, Lt. John Williamson, Donna Wilson, William E. Wilson, Cynthia Wilson, David H. Winton, Glenn J. Winuk, Thomas Francis Wise, Alan L. Wisniewski, Frank T. Wisniewski, David Wiswall, Sigrid Charlotte Wiswe, Michael R. Wittenstein, Christopher W. Wodenshek, Martin P. Wohlforth, Katherine S. Wolf, Jenny Seu Kueng Low Wong, Jennifer Y. Wong, Siu Cheung Wong, Yin Ping (Steven) Wong, Yuk Ping Wong, Brent James Woodall, James J. Woods, Patrick Woods, Richard Herron Woodwell, Capt. David Terence Wooley, John Bentley Works, Martin Michael Wortley, Rodney James Wotton, William Wren, John Wright, Neil R. Wright, Sandra Wright, Jupiter Yambem, Suresh Yanamadala, Matthew David Yarnell, Myrna Yaskulka, Shakila Yasmin, Olabisi L. Yee, Edward P. York, Kevin Patrick York, Raymond York, Suzanne Youmans, Jacqueline (Jakki) Young, Barrington L. Young, Elkin Yuen, Joseph Zaccoli, Adel Agayby Zakhary, Arkady Zaltsman, Edwin J. Zambrana, Robert Alan Zampieri, Mark Zangrilli, Ira Zaslow, Kenneth Albert Zelman, Abraham J. Zelmanowitz, Martin Morales Zempoaltecatl, Zhe (Zack) Zeng, Marc Scott Zeplin, Jie Yao Justin Zhao, Ivelin Ziminski, Michael Joseph Zinzi, Charles A. Zion, Julie Lynne Zipper, Salvatore J. Zisa, Prokopios Paul Zois, Joseph J. Zuccala, Andrew Steven Zucker, Igor Zukelman.

American Airlines Flight 11


Barbara Arestegui, Jeffrey Collman, Sara Low, Karen A. Martin, First Officer Thomas McGuinness, Kathleen Nicosia, John Ogonowski, Betty Ong, Jean Roger, Dianne Snyder, Madeline Sweeney.

Anna Williams Allison, David Angell, Lynn Angell, Seima Aoyama, Myra Aronson, Christine Barbuto, Carolyn Beug, Kelly Ann Booms, Carol Bouchard, Neilie Anne Heffernan Casey, Jeffrey Coombs, Tara Creamer, Thelma Cuccinello, Patrick Currivan, Brian Dale, David DiMeglio, Donald Americo DiTullio, Albert Dominguez, Paige Farley-Hackel, Alex Filipov, Carol Flyzik, Paul Friedman, Karleton D.B. Fyfe, Peter Gay, Linda George, Edmund Glazer, Lisa Fenn Gordenstein, Andrew Peter Charles Curry Green, Peter Hashem, Robert Hayes, Edward (Ted) R. Hennessy, John A. Hofer, Cora Hidalgo Holland, Nicholas Humber, Waleed Iskandar, John Charles Jenkins, Charles Edward Jones, Robin Kaplan, Barbara Keating, David P. Kovalcin, Judy Larocque, Natalie Janis Lasden, Daniel John Lee, Daniel C. Lewin, Susan A. MacKay, Christopher D. Mello, Jeff Mladenik, Antonio Jesus Montoya Valdes, Carlos Alberto Montoya, Laura Lee Morabito, Mildred Rose Naiman, Laurie Ann Neira, Renee Newell, Jacqueline J. Norton, Robert Grant Norton, Jane M. Orth, Thomas Pecorelli, Berinthia Berenson Perkins, Sonia Morales Puopolo, David E. Retik, Philip M. Rosenzweig, Richard Ross, Jessica Sachs, Rahma Salie, Heather Lee Smith, Douglas J. Stone, Xavier Suarez, Michael Theodoridis, James Trentini, Mary Trentini, Pendyala Vamsikrishna, Mary Wahlstrom, Kenneth Waldie, John Wenckus, Candace Lee Williams, Christopher Zarba.

American Airlines Flight 77

Charles Burlingame, David M. Charlebois, Michele Heidenberger, Jennifer Lewis, Kenneth Lewis, Renee A. May.

Paul Ambrose, Yeneneh Betru, Mary Jane (MJ) Booth, Bernard Curtis Brown, Suzanne Calley, William Caswell, Sarah Clark, Zandra Cooper, Asia Cottom, James Debeuneure, Rodney Dickens, Eddie Dillard, Charles Droz, Barbara G. Edwards, Charles S. Falkenberg, Zoe Falkenberg, Dana Falkenberg, James Joe Ferguson, Wilson (Bud) Flagg, Darlene Flagg, Richard Gabriel, Ian J. Gray, Stanley Hall, Bryan Jack, Steven D. Jacoby, Ann Judge, Chandler Keller, Yvonne Kennedy, Norma Khan, Karen A. Kincaid, Dong Lee, Dora Menchaca, Christopher Newton, Barbara Olson, Ruben Ornedo, Robert Penniger, Robert R. Ploger, Lisa J. Raines, Todd Reuben, John Sammartino, Diane Simmons, George Simmons, Mari-Rae Sopper, Robert Speisman, Norma Lang Steuerle, Hilda E. Taylor, Leonard Taylor, Sandra Teague, Leslie A. Whittington, John D. Yamnicky, Vicki Yancey, Shuyin Yang, Yuguag Zheng.

United Airlines Flight 175


Robert Fangman, Michael R. Horrocks, Amy N. Jarret, Amy R. King, Kathryn L. LaBorie, Alfred Gilles Padre Joseph Marchand, Capt. Victor Saracini, Michael C. Tarrou, Alicia Nicole Titus.


Alona Avraham, Garnet Edward (Ace) Bailey, Mark Bavis, Graham Andrew Berkeley, Touri Bolourchi, Klaus Bothe, Daniel R. Brandhorst, David Reed Gamboa Brandhorst, John Brett Cahill, Christoffer Carstanjen, John (Jay) J. Corcoran, Dorothy Alma DeAraujo, Ana Gloria Pocasangre de Barrera, Lisa Frost, Ronald Gamboa, Lynn Catherine Goodchild, Peter Morgan Goodrich, Douglas A. Gowell, The Rev. Francis E. Grogan, Carl Max Hammond, Peter Hanson, Sue Kim Hanson, Christine Lee Hanson, Gerald F. Hardacre, Eric Samadikan Hartono, James E. Hayden, Herbert W. Homer, Robert Adrien Jalbert, Ralph Francis Kershaw, Heinrich Kimmig, Brian Kinney, Robert George LeBlanc, Maclovio Lopez, Jr., Marianne MacFarlane, Louis Neil Mariani, Juliana Valentine McCourt, Ruth Magdaline McCourt, Wolfgang Peter Menzel, Shawn M. Nassaney, Marie Pappalardo, Patrick Quigley, Frederick Charles Rimmele, James M. Roux, Jesus Sanchez, Mary Kathleen Shearer, Robert Michael Shearer, Jane Louise Simpkin, Brian D. Sweeney, Timothy Ward, William M. Weems.

United Airlines Flight 93


Lorraine G. Bay, Sandra W. Bradshaw, Jason Dahl, Wanda Anita Green, Leroy Homer, CeeCee Lyles, Deborah Welsh.


Christian Adams, Todd Beamer, Alan Beaven, Mark K. Bingham, Deora Frances Bodley, Marion Britton, Thomas E. Burnett Jr., William Cashman, Georgine Rose Corrigan, Patricia Cushing, Joseph Deluca, Patrick Joseph Driscoll, Edward P. Felt, Jane C. Folger, Colleen Laura Fraser, Andrew Garcia, Jeremy Glick, Lauren Grandcolas, Donald F. Greene, Linda Gronlund, Richard Guadagno, Toshiya Kuge, Hilda Marcin, Nicole Miller, Louis J. Nacke, Donald Arthur Peterson, Jean Hoadley Peterson, Waleska Martinez Rivera, Mark Rothenberg, Christine Snyder, John Talignani, Honor Elizabeth Wainio, Olga Kristin Gould White.


Spc. Craig Amundson, Melissa Rose Barnes, Master Sgt. (Retired) Max Beilke, Kris Romeo Bishundat, Carrie Blagburn, Lt. Col. Canfield D. Boone, Donna Bowen, Allen Boyle, Christopher Lee Burford, Daniel Martin Caballero, Sgt. 1st Class Jose Orlando Calderon-Olmedo, Angelene C. Carter, Sharon Carver, John J. Chada, Rosa Maria (Rosemary) Chapa, Julian Cooper, Lt. Cmdr. Eric Allen Cranford, Ada M. Davis, Capt. Gerald Francis Deconto, Lt. Col. Jerry Don Dickerson, Johnnie Doctor, Capt. Robert Edward Dolan, Cmdr. William Howard Donovan, Cmdr. Patrick S. Dunn, Edward Thomas Earhart, Lt. Cmdr. Robert Randolph Elseth, Jamie Lynn Fallon, Amelia V. Fields, Gerald P. Fisher, Matthew Michael Flocco, Sandra N. Foster, Capt. Lawrence Daniel Getzfred, Cortz Ghee, Brenda C. Gibson, Ron Golinski, Diane M. Hale-McKinzy, Carolyn B. Halmon, Sheila Hein, Ronald John Hemenway, Maj. Wallace Cole Hogan, Jimmie Ira Holley, Angela Houtz, Brady K. Howell, Peggie Hurt, Lt. Col. Stephen Neil Hyland, Robert J. Hymel, Sgt. Maj. Lacey B. Ivory, Lt. Col. Dennis M. Johnson, Judith Jones, Brenda Kegler, Lt. Michael Scott Lamana, David W. Laychak, Samantha Lightbourn-Allen, Maj. Steve Long, James Lynch, Terence M. Lynch, Nehamon Lyons, Shelley A. Marshall, Teresa Martin, Ada L. Mason, Lt. Col. Dean E. Mattson, Lt. Gen. Timothy J. Maude, Robert J. Maxwell, Molly McKenzie, Patricia E. (Patti) Mickley, Maj. Ronald D. Milam, Gerard (Jerry) P. Moran, Odessa V. Morris, Brian Anthony Moss, Ted Moy, Lt. Cmdr. Patrick Jude Murphy, Khang Nguyen, Michael Allen Noeth, Diana Borrero de Padro, Spc. Chin Sun Pak, Lt. Jonas Martin Panik, Maj. Clifford L. Patterson, Lt. J.G. Darin Howard Pontell, Scott Powell, Capt. (Retired) Jack Punches, Joseph John Pycior, Deborah Ramsaur, Rhonda Rasmussen, Marsha Dianah Ratchford, Martha Reszke, Cecelia E. Richard, Edward V. Rowenhorst, Judy Rowlett, Robert E. Russell, William R. Ruth, Charles E. Sabin, Marjorie C. Salamone, Lt. Col. David M. Scales, Cmdr. Robert Allan Schlegel, Janice Scott, Michael L. Selves, Marian Serva, Cmdr. Dan Frederic Shanower, Antoinette Sherman, Don Simmons, Cheryle D. Sincock, Gregg Harold Smallwood, Lt. Col. (Retired) Gary F. Smith, Patricia J. Statz, Edna L. Stephens, Sgt. Maj. Larry Strickland, Maj. Kip P. Taylor, Sandra C. Taylor, Karl W. Teepe, Sgt. Tamara Thurman, Lt. Cmdr. Otis Vincent Tolbert, Willie Q. Troy, Lt. Cmdr. Ronald James Vauk, Lt. Col. Karen Wagner, Meta L. Waller, Staff Sgt. Maudlyn A. White, Sandra L. White, Ernest M. Willcher, Lt. Cmdr. David Lucian Williams, Maj. Dwayne Williams, Marvin R. Woods, Kevin Wayne Yokum, Donald McArthur Young, Lisa L. Young, Edmond Young.

Friday, September 08, 2006


Bush: "There was a relationship between Iraq and al Qaeda"

In honor of today's Senate Intelligence Report stating that there was no relationship between Iraq and al Qaeda, along with Tony Snow's pronouncement that this is "nothing new," I'd like to offer the following from the Washington Post as a reminder of what we were being told.

And from the June 18, 2004 edition of the WaPo:

"The reason I keep insisting that there was a relationship between Iraq and Saddam and al Qaeda: because there was a relationship between Iraq and al Qaeda," Bush said after a Cabinet meeting. As evidence, he cited Iraqi intelligence officers' meeting with bin Laden in Sudan. "There's numerous contacts between the two," Bush said.

I fully expect Tony Snow to step up to the podium next week and announce that "we have always been at war with East Asia Iran."

Wednesday, September 06, 2006


Setting the Record Straight

There are a few things in life that really piss me off. Oh alright, there are a lot of things that piss me off, but one of my biggest pet peaves is when people of faith spread false information to make themselves appear persecuted. Such was the case as I read this article from CNN.
Public schools take a lot of criticism, but a growing, loosely organized movement is now moving from harsh words to action -- with parents taking their own children out of public schools and exhorting other families to do the same.

Led mainly by evangelical Christians, the movement depicts public education as hostile to religious faith and claims to be behind a surge in the number of students being schooled at home.

"The courts say no creationism, no prayer in public schools," said Roger Moran, a Winfield, Missouri, businessman and member of the Southern Baptist Convention executive committee. "Humanism and evolution can be taught, but everything I believe is disallowed."

emphasis mine

Everything he believes? He's sure about this? Maybe he should find out for sure before he shoots his mouth off accusing people, schools and school teachers in particularly, of being intolerant. But this is the epitome of the conservative base - they are uninformed and willing to believe anything they are told. In fact, this is a subject that I have argued over with my own pastor.

So I feel like it's time to finally set the record straight.

In fact, it would be illegal for schools to prevent them from praying in school. What these people are referring to is the 1962 Supreme Court decision Engel v. Vitale that struck down the practice of State-sponsored prayer in which every school day was begun with the prayer:
Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessing upon us, our parents, our teachers and our Country.

This was usually followed by readings from the Bible along with the singing of "God Bless America" or "The Star Spangled Banner."

What the courts did not do, however, was forbid students from praying in school. This is what is most commonly misunderstood. So in 1995, Dick Riley, Secretary of Education to President Clinton, along with numerous organizations including the ACLU, the American Jewish Committee, the American Muslim Council, and others, composed a document entitled "Religion In The Public Schools: A Joint Statement Of Current Law" which states:
The Constitution permits much private religious activity in and about the public schools. Unfortunately, this aspect of constitutional law is not as well known as it should be. Some say that the Supreme Court has declared the public schools "religion-free zones" or that the law is so murky that school officials cannot know what is legally permissible. The former claim is simply wrong. And as to the latter, while there are some difficult issues, much has been settled. It is also unfortunately true that public school officials, due to their busy schedules, may not be as fully aware of this body of law as they could be. As a result, in some school districts some of these rights are not being observed.

The organizations whose names appear below span the ideological, religious and political spectrum. They nevertheless share a commitment both to the freedom of religious practice and to the separation of church and state such freedom requires. In that spirit, we offer this statement of consensus on current law as an aid to parents, educators and students.


Student Prayers

  1. Students have the right to pray individually or in groups or to discuss their religious views with their peers so long as they are not disruptive. Because the Establishment Clause does not apply to purely private speech, students enjoy the right to read their Bibles or other scriptures, say grace before meals, pray before tests, and discuss religion with other willing student listeners. In the classroom students have the right to pray quietly except when required to be actively engaged in school activities (e.g., students may not decide to pray just as a teacher calls on them). In informal settings, such as the cafeteria or in the halls, students may pray either audibly or silently, subject to the same rules of order as apply to other speech in these locations. However, the right to engage in voluntary prayer does not include, for example, the right to have a captive audience listen or to compel other students to participate.

Yes, that's right. They have the right to pray in school. And what about creationism? Well, it turns out they can teach that, too.
Schools may teach about explanations of life on earth, including religious ones (such as "creationism"), in comparative religion or social studies classes. In science class, however, they may present only genuinely scientific critiques of, or evidence for, any explanation of life on earth, but not religious critiques (beliefs unverifiable by scientific methodology). Schools may not refuse to teach evolutionary theory in order to avoid giving offense to religion nor may they circumvent these rules by labeling as science an article of religious faith. Public schools must not teach as scientific fact or theory any religious doctrine, including "creationism," although any genuinely scientific evidence for or against any explanation of life may be taught. Just as they may neither advance nor inhibit any religious doctrine, teachers should not ridicule, for example, a student's religious explanation for life on earth.

So what we're dealing with here is really nothing more than a Christian Conservative canard to cast themselves as opressed and downtrodden. The way it appears to me is that what the Christian right is really concerned about is that they can't make a large demonstration of their faith. They're allowed to pray, but not in the way that they would like. Silent prayer isn't enough for them. However, if they are truly the Christians they claim to be, they should be familiar with this:
5"And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to be seen by men. I tell you the truth, they have received their reward in full. 6But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you. 7And when you pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans, for they think they will be heard because of their many words. 8Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.

Tuesday, September 05, 2006


From Way Downtown... BANG!

Keith Olbermann has done it again.
It is to our deep national shame—and ultimately it will be to the President’s deep personal regret—that he has followed his Secretary of Defense down the path of trying to tie those loyal Americans who disagree with his policies—or even question their effectiveness or execution—to the Nazis of the past, and the al Qaeda of the present.

Today, in the same subtle terms in which Mr. Bush and his colleagues muddied the clear line separating Iraq and 9/11 — without ever actually saying so—the President quoted a purported Osama Bin Laden letter that spoke of launching, “a media campaign to create a wedge between the American people and their government.”

Make no mistake here—the intent of that is to get us to confuse the psychotic scheming of an international terrorist, with that familiar bogeyman of the right, the “media.”

The President and the Vice President and others have often attacked freedom of speech, and freedom of dissent, and freedom of the press.

Now, Mr. Bush has signaled that his unparalleled and unprincipled attack on reporting has a new and venomous side angle:

The attempt to link, by the simple expediency of one word—“media”—the honest, patriotic, and indeed vital questions and questioning from American reporters, with the evil of Al-Qaeda propaganda.

That linkage is more than just indefensible. It is un-American.

Mr. Bush and his colleagues have led us before to such waters.

We will not drink again.

And the President’s re-writing and sanitizing of history, so it fits the expediencies of domestic politics, is just as false, and just as scurrilous.

“In the 1920’s a failed Austrian painter published a book in which he explained his intention to build an Aryan super-state in Germany and take revenge on Europe and eradicate the Jews,” President Bush said today, “the world ignored Hitler’s words, and paid a terrible price.”

Whatever the true nature of al Qaeda and other international terrorist threats, to ceaselessly compare them to the Nazi State of Germany serves only to embolden them.

More over, Mr. Bush, you are accomplishing in part what Osama Bin Laden and others seek—a fearful American populace, easily manipulated, and willing to throw away any measure of restraint, any loyalty to our own ideals and freedoms, for the comforting illusion of safety.

It thus becomes necessary to remind the President that his administration’s recent Nazi “kick” is an awful and cynical thing.

And it becomes necessary to reach back into our history, for yet another quote, from yet another time and to ask it of Mr. Bush:

“Have you no sense of decency, sir?”

Crooks and Liars has the video.

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